Pecan time

first_imgBy Brad HaireUniversity of GeorgiaEarlier this year, Georgia appeared primed for a bumper pecan crop. But a soggy summer left the crop looking a little scabby and expectations dropped.Growers were betting on a large pecan crop (about 130 million pounds) in early spring, said Darrell Sparks, pecan horticulturist with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. But several negative factors over the summer combined to hurt the crop that is still expected to be good.Fungus problemA fungal disease called scab hit the crop hard this summer. Scab, which thrives in moist conditions, first develops on the leaves and moves to the shucks that cover the pecan shell. It can turn the shucks black and prevent the nut inside from maturing properly, or not at all. It lowers pecan yields and quality if left untreated by growers. Georgia growers must spray their orchards with fungicides to control scab. Heavy and numerous summer rains prevented many growers from spraying enough to control scab. One pecan orchard in Dougherty County received 43 rains over this growing season, Sparks said.The heavy amount of rain Georgia’s pecan orchards had over this summer was similar to the amounts received in the summers of 1989 and 1991, he said. Both summers weren’t good for pecan growing.Scab wasn’t the only thing that hindered this year’s crop. It seems this year was just one of those years.Dropped Pecans literally dropped out of the trees.It’s natural for pecan trees to throw off developing fruits. This allows trees to concentrate on developing the remaining fruits into good quality pecans. Trees generally shed fruit about four times each year. But the June drop this year for the Desirable pecan variety, one of Georgia’s most popular varieties, was excessive, he said.“This kind of drop for Desirables only happens about once every nine years,” he said.Other pecan varieties include Schley, Stuart, Elliott and Sumner.SplitHeavy rains in early August hurt the crop in another way. Pecans were in a crucial stage of development. Rains forced too much moisture into the developing nuts and in some cases split them, causing them to fall undeveloped and useless from trees, he said. This excessive water split drop happens about once every seven years, he said.What’s left of the pecan crop is in fair to good condition, according to the Georgia Agricultural Statistics Service.Harvest has started for early-maturing varieties and will continue through December. Nut quality is expected to be good, and Georgia growers will harvest an average crop, Sparks said, which is about 90 million pounds. Last year, Georgia produced only 45 million pounds.Dougherty County, with about 15,200 acres of pecan trees, is considered the hub of Georgia pecan production.“Most of the hulls are just now starting to open up,” said Lenny Wells, Dougherty County extension coordinator. “In another month we’ll be pretty hard into picking.”Worth about $75 million a year, Georgia produces about half of the total pecans grown in the United States.last_img read more

Hemlock pest

first_imgThousands of broken trees line the banks of the Chattooga River. The dead gray stabs were once evergreen monsters offering shade to trout and picturesque views to visitors. These Eastern hemlocks are dying rapidly, and University of Georgia researchers are working to save them. One tiny insect, the hemlock woolly adelgid, is to blame. The Asian insect first appeared in the eastern U.S. in Richmond, Va., in the 1950s. In 2003, it crossed the river from South Carolina and started feeding on Georgia trees.Cell suckersThe tiny pests suck up cells from the tree’s needles, which prevent them from transferring water and conducting photosynthesis. The first obvious sign of an infestation is thinning foliage. Needles fall off, and the crown starts thinning. From a distance, trees look gray. Researchers working to find ways to combat the adelgid have focused on releasing ladybird beetles, which eat adelgids. A new UGA study brings some of the logistical issues to light and offers hope for more successful control in the future. The results were published in the December issue of the Journal of Economic Entomology. “Because the trees being attacked live mostly in remote forests where insecticide application is impractical, predators may be the best hope for tree survival,” said Shimat Joseph, former UGA doctoral student who authored the journal article. Predators help, but they aren’t hardyPrevious studies have shown widely released predator beetles, Laricobius nigrinus and Sasajiscymnus tsugae, have been successful in controlling hemlock wooly adelgid populations, but they have not survived well through multiple seasons. “Adelgid populations are not concentrated where we are releasing the predators,” Joseph said. “Previous studies assumed populations are evenly distributed, but we are seeing that is not the case.” According to the study, adelgid populations tend to be more abundant in the upper crown, especially early in the infestation. This study suggests predator releases should focus in this area where higher densities are more likely. Up to this point, releases have been made in the lower third of the tree crown. “Chemical control can slow the spread of adelgids, but beetles provide some hope that we will be able to manage the adelgids and bring them into balance. We may never be able to eliminate them,” said Kris Braman, an entomologist with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences and co-author of the paper.Diamonds over the canopy The three-year study looked at the population rates of adelgids in hemlocks located in the Chattahoochee National Forest. The 60 north Georgia trees selected for the study were 25 to 70 years old. Predator beetles are reared on infested hemlock branches in labs. When released, the branches, saturated with about 100 beetles, are tied to living trees where populations have been identified. Strategic placement of the predators is important for successful control of the adelgid—and for the bottom line. “Because the beetles are so expensive to grow, every single little beetle is like releasing diamonds over the canopy,” Braman said.A cocktail of fertilizer and insecticide was applied to the trees included in the study to develop an application ratio that would maintain tree health while keeping enough adelgids alive to serve as sustainable food for the beetles but not enough to kill the tree. “Part of the problem with maintaining predator beetles has to do with the declining tree health,” said study co-author Jim Hanula, an entomologist with the U.S. Forest Service and adjunct faculty in the UGA department of entomology. “As tree health declines, adelgids produce fewer eggs and, in turn, less food for the predators.”Georgia trees decline faster than those found in northern states due to a lack of winter weather, which kills back adelgid populations in the North. The full article is available online at www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1603/EC11022.last_img read more

On India’s Transformation, IEA Is ‘Out of Touch’

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Business Standard India:India’s thermal coal demand is poised to fall, belying hopes of exporters from Australia and US who eyed the country as a long-term growth market.The country is now the second-largest consumer-cum-importer of thermal coal but imports are sliding. During the April-October period of the current financial year, thermal coal imports declined 16 per cent to 33.62 million tonnes.Research by the US-based Institute for Energy Economics & Financial Analysis (IEEFA) sees India within a decade of peak thermal coal demand. The transition is fuelled by the renewable sector, especially solar power, where tariffs in recent tenders have dropped below the average cost of coal-fired power.IEEFA forecasts that India’s thermal coal use is likely to peak not more than 10 percent above current levels, a far lower peak than most other analysts are forecasting.Tim Buckley, lead author of the report feels India’s target to all but cease thermal coal imports by the end of this decade is nearing its logical outcome.IEEFA’s conclusion stands in stark contrast to the forecast by the International Energy Agency (IEA) which sees Indian coal use doubling by 2040.But, Buckley contests the view by IEA. “IEEFA would challenge IEA’s coal-centric view of the world as entirely out of touch with energy developments in India under Prime Minister Narendra Modi. While IEEFA acknowledges that our forecasts are non-consensus, we believe strongly in them and note that we were ahead of the pack in predicting a similar transition in China,” he said.Buckley feels India is on track to catalyse $200-300 billion of new investments in renewable energy infrastructure where global capital inflows will play an increasingly important role.The report notes India’s de-carbonisation policy is in line with global trends. Globally, renewable energy infrastructure investments is running at two to three times the level of fossil fuel capacity investment since 2011.Contrary to what other commentators have got to say on the sustainability of the renewable energy tariff in India, the IEEFA report sees price stabilising at Rs 2.44-3 per unit of electricity in the near term.“A combination of ambitious government policy combined with ongoing solar and wind cost deflation running at more than 10 per cent annually means that the power and financial sectors face growing stranded asset risk if excessive investment in new thermal power capacity is allowed to continue,” it observed.According to IEEFA, renewable capacity additions in India are projected at 14,000 megawatts (Mw) in the current financial year, a slight slowdown from the 2016-17 level but more than double the 5,800-Mw net thermal capacity ramp-up.Tepid capacity addition in coal-fired power plants is expected to slow coal usage. Across the country, 24,000 Mw of coal-based plants under construction are facing viability issues due to logistics, even as growth in electricity demand remains below expected levels and there is a simultaneous increase in demand for renewable energy/power.Between FY17 and FY20, the annual net capacity addition in coal-fired power units is projected at 6,100 Mw. This implies a dramatic two-thirds reduction from what was produced in three financial years between FY13 and FY16. During the three-year period, around 20,000 Mw of net capacity was added on a yearly basis.More: IEA’s view out of touch, thermal coal demand won’t rise beyond 10%: Report On India’s Transformation, IEA Is ‘Out of Touch’last_img read more

Quick Hits: BIG REC

first_imgOutdoor recreation generates more jobs and revenue than oil, coal, fracking, and natural gas. But the outdoor industry is just beginning to flex its political muscle.There’s a powerful new political player: the outdoor adventurer. The economic impact of the outdoor recreation industry surpasses all others in the South. It generates 500 times more revenue than timber, and it has also surpassed some of the nation’s largest and most influential industries. Outdoor recreation is bigger than oil, bigger than coal, bigger than fracking and natural gas. According to one report, it’s even bigger than cars.And Washington is slowly, unevenly responding to the mounting evidence of the industry’s heft. The financial power of outdoor recreation has long been underappreciated because the industry is spread across so many companies in so many economic sectors, explains Bob Ratcliffe, chief of the National Park Service’s division of conservation and outdoor recreation. “It’s an inch deep and a mile wide,” he says.But the combined impact, revealed in a 2017 report by the Outdoor Industry Association, is big enough that it shocked even the economists who prepared the study, said Jessica Wahl, the group’s government affairs manager.“Outdoor recreation is two percent of the GDP and is bigger than all mining, including coal, oil, and gas.”More important, it’s big enough to send a clear message to politicians and bureaucrats: Preserving natural lands for the enjoyment of visitors is not just good for the environment but vital for the economy.“With economic data, we were able to show that all these small industries around the country add up to this very big and important economic driver,” Wahl said.Consumers spend huge sums, $304 billion annually, on gasoline and other fuel, some of which is pumped from leased federal land. But the total of outdoor recreation purchases—which include RVs, ski lift tickets, hotel rooms, and gear purchased at independently owned outfitters—was nearly three times that amount, $887 billion, the study found.The standard argument for approving sprawling growth is that real estate development equals economic development, and the OIA report determined that the construction industry does indeed support a vast pool of 6.4 million workers. But it found that outdoor recreation supports even more—employing over 7.6 million.In West Virginia, coal mining has the power to move, or at least remove, mountains. But the Outdoor Industry report suggests the state would be better off leaving them be. Nearly twice as many jobs there depend on outdoor recreation as coal.It’s not just this industry group that has tracked the economic benefits of outdoor recreation. A 2017 Park Service report found that visitors spent $18.2 billion in its lands’ “gateway regions,” including $1 billion in Virginia and $1.3 billion in North Carolina.And earlier this year, the federal Bureau of Economic Analysis released initial findings that placed the economic impact of the outdoor recreation industry at $373 billion. Says Ratcliffe, “Outdoor recreation is two percent of the GDP and is bigger than all mining, including coal, oil, and gas.”last_img read more

Omnibus bill relaxes drug patent rule to boost pharma innovation

first_imgAllowing pharmaceutical companies to apply for patents abroad might expedite patent sharing for developing the needed vaccine or antiviral during an outbreak, such as the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak, he said.Read also: Indonesia to get new business license regime with omnibus billArticle 20 of the Patent Law stipulates that the patent holder must manufacture its products or process them in Indonesia, which would require technology transfers, investment and/or creating new jobs.The article has been deleted in the omnibus bill on job creation. Instead, the bill stipulates that pharmaceutical companies only need to obtain licenses from the government for operating their business and developing medicines and medical devices. Topics : The government is authorized to revoke the licenses if a company’s drugs and medical devices do not meet standards, with further provisions to be regulated in government regulations (PP).Meanwhile, Law No. 36/2009 on health states that medical supplies may be distributed only after a distribution license is granted and  must adhere to distribution objectives.“The government hopes to strengthen the pharmaceutical industry’s contributions to the country through import-substituting products,” said Airlangga.center_img The government is planning to relax rules on drug patents in the omnibus bill on job creation to boost the nation’s pharmaceutical industry and encourage patent-sharing, a top minister has said.Coordinating Economic Minister Airlangga Hartarto said that current legislation obliged companies to register their patents in Indonesia in hopes of driving the local pharmaceutical industry, but that the industry had not grown as expected. Instead, the patent rule created difficulties for the industry in providing the needed medication during a health emergency.“We are pushing [so] companies do not have to register their patents in Indonesia,” Airlangga said on Monday evening during a media briefing in Jakarta.last_img read more

NBA: Bucks dominate Hornets in first Paris game

first_img The Bucks trailed the Hornets for much of the game but began to turn the screw at the end of the third quarter as George Hill slashed to the basket for an easy layup and reigning league MVP Antetokounmpo imposed himself around the rim on the way to his impressive double-double. Malik Monk top-scored for the Hornets with 31 points but the Eastern Conference-leading Bucks just had too many weapons and Antetokounmpo’s powerful dunk with five minutes remaining felt like the sign that the game was effectively over as a contest. After a quiet first quarter the Greek had shown his teeth in the second when he wrestled the ball from Cody Zeller and reverse-slammed over the hapless Charlotte man to show why he will again captain the Eastern Conference side in the 2020 All-Star Game. Read Also: NBA: Antetokounmpo scores 29 as Bucks cruise past Nets Experienced Bucks guard Eric Bledsoe supplied the ammunition for Antetokounmpo and finished with 20 points himself. Nicolas Batum, the captain of the France national team whose presence in the Charlotte lineup helped ensure their role in his history-making game, had a quiet game with just five points but his every move was cheered loudly by his compatriots. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Milwaukee Bucks forward Giannis Antetokounmpo drives towards the basket The Milwaukee Bucks pulled away to beat the Charlotte Hornets 116-103 in the first ever regular NBA game in Paris Friday as Giannis Antetokounmpo delighted the soldout crowd in the French capital with 30 points and 16 rebounds. Brazil star Neymar and his French Paris Saint-Germain teammate Kylian Mbappe were courtside at the Paris NBA Game The game had a party feel with Paris Saint-Germain football stars Neymar and Kylian Mbappe courtside and NBA legend Kareem Abdul-Jabbar was greeted with thunderous applause when he was presented to the crowd at the AccorHotels Arena. Michael Jordan, the NBA’s greatest ever player who is now the Hornets’ chairman, has done more than anyone to spread the sport’s popularity around the globe and he told reporters before the game: “I’m glad that I was a part of it but I think it will continually get bigger because of the passion for the game of basketball.” NBA Commissioner Adam Silver said before the game that the NBA would return to Paris for “many more years to come”. Promoted ContentCouples Who Celebrated Their Union In A Unique, Unforgettable Way5 Of The World’s Most Unique Theme ParksTop 10 Most Romantic Nations In The WorldWhich Country Is The Most Romantic In The World?Why Do So Many Digital Assistants Have Feminine Names & Voices?The 10 Best Secondary Education Systems In The World9 Facts You Should Know Before Getting A Tattoo8 Ways Drones Will Automate Our Future7 Train Stations In The World You Wish To Stay At Longer8 Things To Expect If An Asteroid Hits Our PlanetThis Guy Photoshopped Himself Into Celeb Pics And It’s HystericalWhat Happens To Your Brain When You Play Too Much Video Games? Loading… last_img read more

Ripley County Girls Basketball Tourney Scores

first_imgRipley County Girls Basketball TourneyOpening Round @ Jac-Cen-DelFriday  (1-10)Game 1:  Batesville  64     Milan  25Game 2:  Jac-Cen-Del  43     South Ripley  16The Ripley County Girls Basketball finale will be on Monday (1-13) at Jac-Cen-Del.Consolation Game @ 6 PM:  Milan vs. South Ripley.Championship Game-Following:  Jac-Cen-Del vs. Batesville.WRBI’s coverage of The Ripley County Tourney begins with our Countdown To Tipoff at 5:30.  Thomas Barnett and Brian Samples will have the call of the action.last_img read more

Lady Cardinals Split With Lady Knights

first_imgLast night the 7th grade Lady Cardinals played a good game against South Dearborn, but were unable to pull off the win with a score of 18-13.Scoring for the Lady Cardinals was Betsy 3 points, Harmeyer with 7 points, Sydney Schutte with 4, and Grace Eckstein with 2. Rebounding was a team effort Sydney Schutte with 13, GiGi Dreyer with 7, Grace Eckstein with 6, Chloe Meadows with 3, Grace Mack and Molly Wachsmann with 2, and Mindy Eckstein with 1.St. Louis picked up a home victory Tuesday night by defeating South Dearborn 32 to 12.Avery Roell had a game high 13 points. Hailey Mohr had a strong 4th quarter and finished with 11 points.A strong team defense contributed to the Lady Cardinals win.Courtesy of Cardinals Coach Mike Burkhart.last_img read more

2017 East Central Swimming Lessons and Summer Swimming

first_imgThe East Central Aqua Trojans Swim Team is for all levels of kids ages 5-18 (must be able to swim unassisted one full length of pool.)2017 EC Summer Swimming LessonsYOU DO NOT HAVE TO BE IN THE SUNMAN-DEARBORN DISTRICT TO PARTICIPATE ON THE TEAM!!!You will learn strokes, entries, turns and improve your endurance as well as have the experience of competing as part of America’s Team. ECST is a USA swimming organization.What does this mean? It means that you are on the same team as 300,000 other swimmers nationwide.REGISTRATIONTuesday, April 25 from 5:30-7:00 P.M. (East Central High School Pool). Come ready to swim.FIRST PRACTICEMonday, May 1st at 5:30 P.M (East Central High School Pool) Practices are offered Monday – Friday from 5:30-7:30pm depending on the group assigned and the ability level of the participant.COST$150 per swimmer + $35.50 USA Swimming Fee (If not currently registered).Courtesy of AquaTrojans Coach Brandon Loveless.last_img read more

ICC World Cup Hashim Amla in, Chris Morris not included in World cup squad 2019

first_img For all the Latest Sports News News, ICC World Cup News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. New Delhi: The South Africa cricket board announced its 15-man squad for the World Cup, becoming the seventh team to do so. Faf du Plessis will lead the side into the World Cup for the first time. The announcement was made public on Thursday and the big name to miss out is Chris Morris who was a part of the team frequently and has also played 2015 World Cup. South Africa will play the opening game of ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 against the host England at Oval, London. The South Africa board has also unvieled the World Cup jersey. On this, the board member said, “It looks good. Gives feel of 1992 World Cup, and I hope we do well.”Here’s South Africa’s 15-member squad for World Cup:Faf du Plessis (c), Aiden Markaram, JP Duminy, David Miller, Dale Steyn, Kagiso Rabada, Imran Tahir, Tabraiz Shamsi, Andile Phehlukwayo, Quinton de Kock, Dwayne Pretorious, Anrich Nortje, Lungi Ngidi, Rassiven, Hashim AmlaHere’s the tweet: highlightscenter_img South Africa becomes the seventh team to announce 15-member squad for World Cup. Faf du Plessis to lead the side for the second time in ICC Cricket World Cup. South Africa will play World Cup opener against England on May 30. last_img read more