This article is based on a talk given at the July 25 Workers World Party meeting. The long-smoldering fight of the Kānaka Maoli people to save sacred Mauna Kea in Hawai’i blew up like a volcano on July 17 when work crews arrived to begin construction on the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT). Elders, some using wheelchairs, strollers or canes, demanded to be taken to the front line to be arrested. The New York branch of Workers World Party held a July 25 forum on the theme “Fighting against racism and for national sovereignty.” The panel of speakers were, left to right, Monica Moorehead, editor of “Marxism, Reparations and the Black Freedom Struggle,” discussing “The struggle against national oppression vs. Trump’s white supremacy”; Stephanie Hedgecoke, WWP organizer, discussing “Kānaka Maoli block construction on sacred land in Hawai’i”; and Makasi Motema, People’s Power Assemblies NYC organizer, discussing “Issues tied to the uprising in Puerto Rico.”The blockade forced work stoppage of dozens of astronomers and researchers. Since the arrests of 35 people on July 17, thousands of Hawaiians have blocked all access to the mountain. They oppose further damage and desecration of the mountain, on which 13 smaller telescopes have been constructed since 1960. Each one was called “the last telescope.” Hawai’i Gov. David Ige signed an emergency proclamation threatening Mauna Kea Protectors with police and National Guard. Over 2,000 Kānaka Maoli turned out in response to the arrests and threats to pack the base of the mountain. Gov. Ige attacked the Protectors again on July 19, alleging illegal activity, but local media reported that the opposite was the case. KHON2 TV news stated: “There are absolutely no signs of drugs or alcohol. No one is even allowed to smoke here.” (July 20) The media reported that a great number of volunteers, seasoned organizers, were feeding thousands daily meals and snacks from free kitchens, running medical tents, recycling, cleaning porta potties and hauling trash.Volunteers told KHON2 that anyone who comes into the Pu’uhonua is welcome. Pu’uhonua means “place of refuge of Honaunau”; it is the ancestral home of the Kamehameha dynasty. The Honaunau regards itself as sovereign under international law, as the successor government to the independent Kingdom of Hawai’i, not subject to U.S. law. The base camp is now a community of learning. Activist professors have set up Pu’uhuluhulu University with 20 classes a day on Hawaiian culture and language.KHON2 reported that the resolve of the Ku Kia’i Mauna, guardians of the mountain, grows stronger every day. The Star Advertiser has called the struggle a “boiling point.”The TMT Corporation and the University of Hawai’i planned this $1.4 billion telescope and related facilities to be 18 stories high and that it will to cover the size of six football fields — far larger than previously opposed projects. Community resistance has blocked the massive project for years. Earlier projects left toxic waste and seepage onsite.Sacred site on stolen landMauna Kea is part of stolen crown lands. Queen Lili’uokalani of Hawai’i was overthrown in 1893 by a cabal of sugar planters and settler businessmen. Two years later the U.S. annexed Hawai’i as a territory; it was made the 50th state in 1959.Mauna Kea was targeted for development because it’s the tallest mountain in the Hawaiian chain, with a summit 13,803 feet above sea level, the highest point in Hawai’i. That makes the dry, mostly cloud-free skies there less affected by city light pollution. Most of the dormant volcano is underwater. When measured from its oceanic base, it’s the tallest mountain in the world, some 32,808 feet high. It is about a million years old and is the second largest in subaerial surface area of the five shield volcanoes on the Big Island. Meanwhile, the TMT corporation has an alternate site selected in the Canary Islands; La Palma, Spain, wants the project.Mauna Kea is unique for its rare indigenous plants and animals. It has deep significance to Hawaiians and all Pacific Islanders. National Geographic honored it in a special edition in January 2011, titled, “The Earth’s Holiest Places: Sacred Journeys.” It’s a sacred place for Kānaka Maoli and all Polynesian Nations. It represents creation, the embodiment of ancestors, a burial ground. It is home to 100 archeological sites, hundreds of cultural sites, and historic and still-used shrines, three of which are directly endangered.On the blockade’s first day, July 15, Protectors spent over 11 hours at the cattle guard on the access road. Kānaka Maoli Protector and professor at the University of Hawai’i, Noelani Goodyear-Kaʻōpua, stood arm-in-arm with other wahine (women) to protect the kūpuna (elders) from heavily armed officers. She said, “The kūpuna there had made a line and wanted to be a first line of defense.” (High Country News, July 25)Goodyear-Kaʻōpua raised three grounds for opposition to TMT: Mauna Kea is sacred, it is the watershed for Hawai’i island’s fresh water supply, and it is a burial ground. It is unceded, unrelinquished, stolen Hawaiian land. Further, it is zoned for conservation to protect and preserve natural resources necessary for the survival of the people. The plan for the 30-meter telescope meets the definition of a “genocidal occupation.”Protect the Earth, not profits!There are online discussions of Native Hawaiians about the root of the problem being the construct of the U.S. judicial system in dealing with Indigenous issues — that it is rooted in colonizers’ views on spirituality which are restricted to organized, class-society-based religion. Indigenous peoples have deep connections with the land and relations with all forms of life. Such kinship doesn’t translate well in class society, which is intolerant of colonized peoples and regards them as “lesser than” or “uncivilized.” Capitalist culture places no intrinsic value on Mother Earth, the biosphere and life on Earth, clean water and air, indigenous animals, plants and natural habitats. Capitalists only value life for the profits they can make. Their values are therefore diametrically opposed to those of Indigenous peoples worldwide.Significantly, nearly 1,000 astronomers have signed a letter, as of July 28, opposing the imposition of this project on the Hawaiian people. They raised concerns about sovereignty and intrusions on Indigenous lands. The letter cites past environmental racism and “white colonizers’ obsessions with conquest.” (tinyurl.com/yxulf4lu)Chanda Prescod-Weinstein, an astrophysicist at the University of New Hampshire, who signed the letter, stated, “What’s facilitated [scientific] access [to Mauna Kea] is American colonialism on kānaka ‘ōiwi land in what we call the state of Hawai’i. It is the American state apparatus that continues to play a role in enforcing astronomer access to the Mauna, for example, with the police forces this week arresting the kūpuna, the elders, who took great physical risk to protect their family.” (earther.gizmodo.com, July 18)Resistance is growingOn July 19, students at the University of California, Berkeley demonstrated with visiting Pacific Islander students, Indigenous rights groups and elders to demand that the UC system divest from TMT, as well as other local investors. Principal investors in TMT are Gordon Moore, Silicon Valley venture capitalist, along with the California Institute of Technology. TMT is a for-profit project. The state of Hawai’i and the University of Hawai’i have made millions of dollars from such projects. It’s racist to allege that the Kānaka Maoli oppose astronomy when Pacific Islanders have practiced astronomy for ages. They navigated the Pacific Ocean by the stars.Kānaka Maoli Bria Tennyson, a Berkeley student, answered the false claim that Native Hawaiians oppose science: “Our very identity as a people is based on studying the stars. That’s how we got to Hawaii (in the first place).” Thousands marched in Waikiki, Hawai’i, on July 20. And on July 21, an organization of Asian-Pacific Islander gay and trans people demonstrated in New York’s Union Square.Protests spread to the tourism industry: Organizers called for a one-day tourism boycott Monday, July 22, and several businesses cooperated and closed, cancelling tours and more. A majority of tourists understood.Hawai’i Lt. Gov. Josh Green met with Kānaka Maoli on July 22, attempting a compromise. But he left speaking about the Hawaiian peoples’ visions of their own future. Some state representatives and city council members have asked Gov. Ige to rescind his emergency proclamation, stating it violates the spirit of the law.60-day moratorium wonHilo County Council passed a resolution on July 24 in support of state Sen. Kai Kahele’s call for a 60-day moratorium on building TMT, despite Gov. Ike’s push for it to begin. The following testimony and more was given to the council about decades of mistreatment of the Hawaiian people and their lands. Kamanawa Kinimaka, descended from the royal guard for King Kalakaua, said, “Our land is dying, and it’s not just in Hawai’i. What the Hawaiian represents is a symbol of the Indigenous Native people of our world. The Hawaiian people have been refined into a fine diamond of symbolism.” (West Hawaii Today, July 28)In addition, Ikaika Marzo stated, “TMT is just a match after so many years of gasoline being poured on our ground.” Millicent Cummings called TMT “an act of war to the mauna and the kanaka.” And Robert Yamada stressed, “TMT is the catalyst. It’s the line in the sand. Do not cross that line.” Actor Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson, who grew up on Oahu and is of Samoan heritage, met with kūpuna and organizers at the Mauna Kea Access Road on July 24. He said, “It’s beautiful, it’s inspiring. … It’s bigger than a telescope. It’s humanity. It’s a culture. It is a people, our people, our Polynesian people, who are willing to die here to protect our land.” (Hawaii News Now, July 24)Marxists and Marcyists understand that this battle, along with the struggle in Puerto Rico, is part of the struggle against the legacy of settler-colonialism. It shows what we mean by support for self-determination. The Kānaka Maoli should decide about any development on their islands.The Hawai’i Community Bail Fund for Protectors of the Mauna Kea is linked to iacenter.org. Support the Kia‘i!Hedgecoke is of Huron/French Canadian, English, Irish, Scottish, Portuguese and mixed Southeastern Native heritage.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AMSTERDAM, Netherlands – Greenpeace International ranked Apple Inc. last in environmental friendliness among major electronics makers, while it praised Lenovo Group Ltd. for bucking trends in China. Greenpeace spokeswoman Iza Kruszewska said Apple has been willing to meet legal requirements and basic standards, but it hasn’t stopped using several types of harmful chemicals in its manufacturing. Apple spokeswoman Sheryl Seitz rejected the environmental group’s ranking system. “Apple has a strong environmental track record and has led the industry in restricting and banning toxic substances such as mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium, as well as many BFRs,” or brominated flame retardants, Seitz said. According to standards developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Apple products are not especially toxic. The Green Electronics Council, funded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, generally gave Apple better scores than Lenovo and Dell Inc. based on 23 criteria established by the IEEE, including materials used, energy conservation and packaging. Greenpeace’s rankings of 14 computer and mobile-phone makers were based on their use of hazardous chemicals in production and efforts to recycle broken or obsolete devices. Tom van Dyck, whose As You Sow organization promotes socially responsible investing, said Greenpeace’s analysis was generally fair.
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Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Very few parts of Ohio have started in on the 2015 wheat harvest due to the wet conditions. Once things dry out and combines roll, it will be important to keep losses to a minimum. Account Manager Kevin Forrest has some tips for preparing for wheat harvest in this week’s DuPont Pioneer Field Report.
You can’t make an omelet without breaking a few eggs—and in the construction industry, the eggshells tend to be rather large. In fact, while the industry is most commonly associated with creation, the waste generated by both construction and demolition is a huge problem—a problem that has no easy solution. In 2015, an estimated 548 million tons of construction and demolition waste were sent to landfills in the U.S., twice as much as standard municipal solid waste. What’s more, as demand for new housing, better infrastructure, and increasingly large industrial projects grows, that figure looks set to explode over the next decade. The problem facing the industry today, particularly in light of society’s realization that sustainable systems must be implemented in order to address fast-depleting natural resources, is how to reduce and efficiently recycle the waste generated by construction and demolition activities. Dealing with the waste generated in the construction industry presents a broad range of challenges. When compared to other industries, there is little in the way of consensus on how best to deal with it.RELATED ARTICLESWaste Management for New Construction and RemodelingRecycling Expanded PolystyreneRecycling Vinyl SidingBeyond RecyclingJob-Site Recycling: Asphalt Roofing Shingles First, the sheer tonnage and the bulk associated with waste materials means they are difficult to remove from the site and the waste takes up large areas in a landfill. Second, the broad range of different materials, combined with current demolition and waste management practices, means that waste streams are often highly contaminated and difficult to separate for recycling. Finally, standard waste management and recycling systems are simply unable to process the toxic elements found in the debris. While many think the waste generated by the construction and demolition industry is simply an inevitable consequence of building, others are beginning to look for more sustainable solutions to address the growing issue of waste. Or, to put it more precisely, rather than attempt to address the problems posed by existing systems, many are attempting to guide the industry to adopt and entirely new approach. Today, the concept of the circular economy is gaining traction in construction and demolition circles, and despite the many challenges associated with its implementation, I and others hope that it can drastically reduce the amount of waste generated even as the industry continues to grow. What is a circular economy? Put simply, the circular economy aims to replace existing take-make-waste systems that extract resources for use in current industrial models with a circular system that designs out waste and pollution, keeps products and materials in use, and regenerates natural systems. Its overarching goal is to redefine growth by decoupling economic activity from the use of finite resources and by placing value on waste as a commodity in itself. The circular economy identifies both technical and biological cycles; consumption occurs only in the biological cycle with the use of biodegradable materials that are fed back into the system through composting. The technical cycle on the other hand, recovers and restores products and components through reuse, repair, remanufacture and recycling. How can the construction industry move forward The circular economy concept has an extremely broad reach. In fact, it is designed to replace the foundations of our existing economy with a theoretical and practical approach that can be transferred from industry to industry. What does this mean in real terms for the construction and demolition industry? And how can a circular economy begin to tackle the huge amounts of waste produced annually? As previously mentioned, the industry needs to move away from extraction, production, use, and elimination (often in landfills), towards valuing waste as a resource. This can be achieved in a number of ways: Source reduction: Reducing the volume of new materials should be a priority. Examples include preserving existing buildings, optimizing new build sizes, and prolonging the life of buildings. Salvage and reuse: While salvage and reuse are already a part of the construction and demolition industry, new ways to repurpose and upcycle materials should be considered. Waste separation: Waste that cannot be used must be efficiently separated and transported to the correct recycling facilities for processing. Recycling: Recycling materials to be reused in the construction and demolition industry or in other areas should be improved, with new processes designed specifically for the construction and demolition industry. The future of the circular economy in construction While improving the efficacy of the above elements is a key step in pushing the construction and demolition industry towards a circular economy, the future promises to a provide even more opportunity. The circular economy is, essentially, a designed system, and in order to build a truly circular construction and demolition industry, new materials, tools, and systems that are designed to prevent waste should be a priority. Today, there are many innovative approaches that aim to help the construction and demolition industry become more circular. These include: New materials: The use of concrete in construction is highly polluting. New, less toxic and more easily recyclable replacements must be designed. Today, various biodegradable materials such as hemp and mycelium are being trialed. The same goes for other unsustainable construction materials such as sand. New building design: Designing buildings to make use of natural, biodegradable resources such as straw, soil, and bamboo as a core material will enable the C&D industry to move away from unsustainable materials such as concrete. New construction methods: New construction methods that make use of modular building elements that can be used multiple times will enable easier repurposing and reduce the energy required during construction. New waste management: The separation, logistical management, and recycling of materials can be streamlined and improved through the use of technology designed to make on-demand collections and insightful waste diversion metrics easier to access at all stages of the construction or demolition process. New legislation: Government must begin to create new laws that support and subsidize these innovations. While it is clear that there are many unique challenges facing the construction industry in a wholesale adoption of a circular economy, these changes are possible and entirely necessary. In a world where climate change is a real issue and stocks of non-renewable resources are quickly being used up, the construction and demolition industry will need innovative approaches to controlling waste. This fact, along with the huge volumes of waste generated by the industry, means that adopting exiting circular economy concepts and designing new systems that allow the industry to become more circular are crucial to its continued growth. Adam Pasquale is the co-founder and chief operating officer of Recycle Track Systems, Inc., a waste management and recycling company.
GREENBURGH, N.Y. — It’s one game for a trip to the Stanley Cup finals and the chance to play for hockey’s biggest prize.That’s what Tampa Bay Lightning and New York Rangers face May 30 at Madison Square Garden in Game 7 of the Eastern Conference finals.Picking a winner at this point is pure speculation. Every game has been different and each team has its advantages.The Lightning have the ‘Triplets’ line of Tyler Johnson, Nikita Kucherov and Ondrej Palat, a hot captain in Steven Stamkos, an outstanding defenseman in Victor Hedman and goaltender Ben Bishop, who has stepped whenever the season has been on the line.The Presidents’ Trophy winning Rangers had the NHL’s best regular-season record, a 42-goal scorer in Rick Nash, a shutdown defensive duo of Ryan McDonagh and Dan Girardi and the experience of having been to the finals just a year ago.The difference maker also belongs to the Rangers: goaltender Henrik Lundqvist. No one is better in Game 7s than the Swede.Lundqvist has won his last six Game 7s, posting a 0.81 goals against average, a .973 save percentage and one shutout. The six consecutive Game 7 wins are an NHL record and his Game 7 wins are tied with Martin Brodeur and Patrick Roy for the most in NHL history.“I don’t know if I’m comfortable,” Lundqvist said after practice May 28 at the Rangers’ Westchester facility. ” I just try to go out and do my job. You’re definitely nervous, but it comes down to teamwork. I feel comfortable when we’re in the right place, when we’re doing good things out there. I feel like it’s easier for me to focus on my game, and that’s a big part of winning these games, too. You focus on the team concept and the things that brought you to this moment.”Lundqvist was special in the Rangers’ 7-3 win in Game 6 on May 26, stopping 36 shots in helping the Rangers win for the 15th time in the last 18 playoff games that they faced elimination.“He is our best player,” defenseman Marc Staal said. “When you are in situations like this, you know he is going to be there competing and throwing his best game on the ice.”New York did get a scare in the workout when forward J.T. Miller ripped a shot in a one-on-one drill with Lundqvist that caught the goaltender either on the shoulder or the mask.Lundqvist immediately bent over, drawing concern that he had been hit again in the neck. He missed seven weeks and 25 games with a vascular injury after being hit by shot.Miller quickly apologized and Lundqvist later said he was not hurt. “Obviously you don’t want to hit him in the head with the shot,” Miller said.Bishop comes into the game somewhat as a question mark. He has given up 15 goals in the three games in Tampa, Fla. However, he posted a 2-0 shutout in the last game at the Garden on May 24.“Just another game. You don’t change anything,” Bishop said before the Lightning left for New York. “You prepare the same way. You do the same things you’ve been doing all year since training camp. Obviously it has a little more meaning to it, but you can’t look at it like that.”The Lightning have won two of the three games in New York, and Bishop has given up just four goals in the three games there.“It comes down to one game,” said Tampa Bay forward Ryan Callahan, a former Rangers captain. “It’s for the conference finals, it doesn’t get much more exciting than this. It’s an opportunity for us to go in there and advance to the finals. We’re excited about it and we’re excited about the chances.”This has been a series where capitalizing on an opponent’s mistakes has been the difference. Lundqvist helped the Rangers win the last two games in Florida by playing well early and allowing the team to settle into the games.Now it’s the Lightning who need a big effort.“I think history is a little bit irrelevant. It’s all different,” said Johnson, who has scored 12 goals in the postseason and has seen his line combine for 27. “You’re not playing against the same teams. You’re not playing the same situations. We’ve had some success there this series. Hopefully we continue to do so. Focus on what we need to do.”It should be a night for both teams to remember.“Obviously you want to play in these games,” Rangers center Dominic Moore said. “Obviously they are stressful, but you would not want to go through a hockey career and not ever have played in a game like this, so I think you have to embrace it at the same time.”(TOM CANAVAN, AP Sports Writer)TweetPinShare0 Shares
The Elders have launched a series of seven short films presenting their unique perspective on fairness, the human value that underpins the new UN Sustainable Development Goals.Martti Ahtisaari, Mary Robinson, Hina Jilani, Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Jimmy Carter, Ela Bhatt and Kofi Annan have each selected an object or moment from their lives that symbolises their own view of fairness.The aim is to start a global re-examination of fairness ahead of the SDG Summit in New York on 25 September and amplify the call for world leaders to show a serious commitment to ending poverty, discrimination and injustice.The first film was uploaded to The Elders’ Facebook page on 18 September, with a new one following each successive day until the summit begins.• Film 1 (18 September) is by Martti Ahtisaari, former President of Finland and Nobel Peace Laureate, and features the Finnish baby box given by the state to every new-born child. “It doesn’t matter what your background is, everyone has this so the child gets a decent start… It’s never too expensive to give a chance for a decent beginning for everyone.”• Film 2 (19 September) is by Mary Robinson, former President of Ireland, and features the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. “Fairness is an extraordinary quality in life and it brings us together in a solidarity that makes everybody better.”• Film 3 (20 September) is by Hina Jilani, Pakistani lawyer and human rights defender, and features the legal statute to end bonded labour in Pakistan. “For me, fairness is when human dignity is respected. Bonded labour was not only an illegal practice, but a cruel practice that was denying people their basic right to dignity.”• Film 4 (21 September) is by Fernando Henrique Cardoso, former President of Brazil, and features the Brazilian Constitution of 1988 after the end of dictatorship. “It’s not just a set of rules saying ‘Yes’ or ‘No’. It’s a set of dreams, saying health is a universal value, education is a universal value, and access to land is a universal value.”• Film 5 (22 September) is by Jimmy Carter, former US President and Nobel Peace Laureate, and features a poem he wrote inspired by his encounter with racism as a youth. “I grew up in a community in Archery, Georgia, and ours was the only white community there. So all my neighbours, all my playmates, were African-American. And we would treat each other completely equal.”• Film 6 (23 September) is by Ela Bhatt, Indian labour activist, and features a clay plot made by rural female workers in India. “This pot, it is a public statement that I am concerned with the rural artisan who makes the pot. The money that I spend circulates within that local economy.”• Film 7 (24 September) is by Kofi Annan, Chair of The Elders, former UN Secretary-General and Nobel Peace Laureate, and concludes the series by urging us all to see the bigger picture. “There’s lots of goodness in the world, don’t go through life focusing on the negative. Be open, and embrace the goodness which also surrounds us.”Martti Ahtisaari, whose film starts the series, said:“The SDGs are the latest attempt to further prosperity in a just and equitable way and fairness lies at their heart. This goes beyond fair and equal treatment under the law, freedom of speech and the right to vote. It also means being dealt a fair hand in terms of health, education, access to land and other cultural and economic rights.”