Men’s basketball need to know: No. 5 Wisconsin at Maryland

first_imgWith every win — or double-digit win for that matter — in the Big Ten for the No. 5 Wisconsin men’s basketball team, the goal of winning a conference regular season title gets that much closer.The Badgers (25-2, 13-1 Big Ten) can partially achieve that goal Tuesday night in College Park, Maryland, when they travel to take on No. 14 Maryland.With a win Tuesday over the Terrapins, the conference newcomer (22-5, 10-4 Big Ten), the Badgers will clinch at least a share of the Big Ten regular season championship, which would be the first since 2008. It would be Wisconsin’s 18th regular season conference championship and fourth under head coach Bo Ryan.But a win won’t come easy against the second-best team in the Big Ten. Only twice this season has Wisconsin encountered a ranked Big Ten team — against No. 25 Iowa Jan. 20 and against No. 25 Indiana Feb. 3 — and won those two games only by a combined margin of 46 points. However, Maryland is Wisconsin’s highest ranked opponent since it squared off against No. 4 Duke Dec. 3. Maryland is also the highest ranked opponent in the Big Ten behind the Badgers.After being picked to finish eighth in the Big Ten preseason poll, Maryland started the season 14-1 and ascended as high as No. 11 in the AP rankings. Now, the Terrapins have begun to solidify themselves as the top team in the Big Ten behind Wisconsin and sit in a tie for second place with Michigan State and Purdue. Maryland has won its last three Big Ten games.Perhaps the largest reason for Maryland’s surprising success this season is due to the emergence of freshman Melo Trimble. The 6-foot-3 guard is averaging 16.1 points per game along with 3.6 rebounds and 3.1 assists per contest. Senior Dez Wells is second on the Terrapins in scoring, averaging 14.6 points per game, with 4.6 rebounds and 2.8 assists. Junior forward Jake Layman is averaging a team-high 6.6 rebounds per game, chipping in 13.6 points per game for Maryland as well.Meanwhile, Wisconsin is rolling through the Big Ten with 10 consecutive wins with eight of those wins coming by 10 or more points. The Badgers defeated Minnesota Saturday 63-53 behind 21 points from senior forward Frank Kaminsky and a career-high 17 from sophomore guard Bronson Koenig.After his career-high 17 points Saturday, Koenig is now averaging 12.6 points per game in his 10 starts this season. His 3.6 assist-to-turnover ratio is third-best in the nation. Junior forward Sam Dekker had a career-high last week as well when he dropped in 22 points against Penn State last Wednesday. Dekker is now averaging 14 points and 5.9 rebounds in Big Ten play while shooting 52 percent.No. 5 Wisconsin (25-2, 13-1 Big Ten)Big Ten: 13-1, 1st place by three games over Maryland, Michigan State and PurdueLast Game: Defeated Minnesota at home, 63-53Probable Starters: G – Bronson Koenig (6-4, 7.7 ppg), G – Josh Gasser (6-4, 7.1 ppg), F – Sam Dekker (6-9, 13.1 ppg), F – Nigel Hayes (6-8, 12.1 ppg), F – Frank Kaminsky (7-0, 17.7 ppg)Key Reserves: G – Zak Showalter, F – Duje Dukan, F – Vitto BrownMaryland (22-5, 10-4 Big Ten)Big Ten: 10-4, tied for 2nd place with Michigan State and Purdue, three games behind WisconsinLast Game: Defeated Nebraska at home, 69-65Probable Starters: G – Melo Trimble (6-3, 16.1 pgg), G – Richaud Pack (6-4, 6.6 ppg), G/F – Dez Wells (6-5, 14.6 ppg), F – Damonte Dodd (6-11, 3.9 ppg), F – Jake Layman (6-9, 13.6 ppg)Key Reserves: F – Evan Smotrycz, G – Jared NickensGame VitalsWho – No. 5 Wisconsin at MarylandWhen – Tuesday, Feb. 24, 6 p.m.Where – Xfinity Center (17,950); College Park, MarylandTV – ESPN (Mike Tirico, Jay Bilas, Quint Kessenich)last_img read more

Kotoko interested in wantaway Hearts defender Robin Gnagne?

first_imgHearts of Oak captain Robin Gnagne is not keen on signing a new deal with Hearts, Joy Sports has learnt.His deal expires at the end of the season and the Ivorian has been asked by the club to sit down for talks. Reports also suggest that David Duncan wants the Ivorian in his Kotoko team. Having played for the team since 2012, Robin has become known especially for his proficiency with penalty kicks – a talent which quickly made him the team’s default taker.As it stands he could leave the Phobians at the season’s end on a free. Last year, the player was linked with some European clubs, the highest profile of them being AS Monaco.The rumours fizzled out quickly.But worryingly for Hearts, the 23-year old is one of eight players whose deals expire at the end of this league season. The burning issue limiting the club’s board from okaying talks with most of them is a lack of cash.–Follow Gary on Twitter: @garyalsmithlast_img read more

For the record

first_img AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORESanta Anita opens winter meet Saturday with loaded card160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Due to an editing error, a story Tuesday incorrectly identified Bob Wells as the Lake Los Angeles resident sheriff’s deputy. In fact, he is a volunteer dog handler with Los Angeles Search Dogs.last_img read more

Benitez shrugs off reports he is close to the axe at Chelsea

first_imgRafael Benitez has shrugged off reports suggesting he is on the verge of being axed by Chelsea.There has been speculation that the interim manager may not last until the end of the season following poor recent results and continued anger among Blues fans.It was reported that club officials have doubts about whether Benitez is capable of delivering a top-four finish.But the Spaniard insisted he spoke to technical director Michael Emenalo on Tuesday morning and that it is business as usual at Stamford Bridge.Benitez said: “The position is exactly the same – concentrate on games. I was talking with Michael and it was a normal conversation, talking about football.“I will try to do my job as well as I can and try to do my best every game. That’s it.  I cannot lose my focus.“My focus is to improve the team and keep the players believing that we can win.”Chelsea have indicated that Benitez’s immediate future is not under review.Today’s Paper Talk: Chelsea close to axing Benitez – reportClick here for today’s Chelsea quiz 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

Why Just Five Digits on Tetrapod Limbs?

first_imgTwo family members each possessing an extra digit on each limb find that having a sixth finger is beneficial and useful.A condition called polydactyly has been known ever since the Bible mentioned a case: “And there was again war at Gath, where there was a man of great stature, who had six fingers on each hand, and six toes on each foot, twenty-four in number, and he also was descended from the giants” (II Samuel 21:20). The authors of a study in Nature Communications comment,Although polydactyly is not rare, and can be traced back at least 1000 years, only its genetics has, until now, been studied. This may in part be due to the belief that supernumerary fingers represent a malformation and are not useful, thus are generally removed at a young age.Because intact cases are hard to find, few researchers have had a chance to answer questions about extra fingers. Are they functional? Do they have their own muscles and nerves? Are they useful? Are polydactyl people aware of the extra fingers individually? For the first time, a team of 11 researchers evaluated a a 17-year-old polydactyl subject and his 52-year-old mother.Here, we analyzed the neuromechanics and manipulation abilities of two polydactyly subjects who each possess six fingers on their hands. Anatomical MRI of the supernumerary finger (SF) revealed that it is actuated by extra muscles and nerves, and fMRI identified a distinct cortical representation of the SF. In both subjects, the SF was able to move independently from the other fingers. Polydactyly subjects were able to coordinate the SF with their other fingers for more complex movements than five fingered subjects, and so carry out with only one hand tasks normally requiring two hands. These results demonstrate that a body with significantly more degrees-of-freedom can be controlled by the human nervous system without causing motor deficits or impairments and can instead provide superior manipulation abilities.In short, an extra finger can be very useful! Think of how many extra tasks you could perform with an extra finger. You could do more tasks with one hand than it usually takes for two. Imagine the faster typing or calculating that could be done! What could a piano player achieve with two extra fingers?Fig 1 from the paper shows subject P1’s right hand.The supernumerary finger in the subjects looks just like the other fingers, with knuckles, fingernails and all. It was located between the thumb and index finger, and had a spherical range of motion like the thumb. Its internal anatomy was halfway between a thumb and finger, with the advantages of both:The extra or supernumerary finger (SF) with three phalanges has a saddle joint similar to that of a normal thumb (Fig. 1e). It has two extrinsic flexor tendons as well as a normal extensor apparatus (Fig. 1c), in addition to dedicated digital nerves. Hence, this polydactyly hand is controlled by more muscles and nerves than normal five-fingered hands. Critically there are intrinsic muscles whose origin is the second metacarpal and whose insertion is to the proximal phalanx of the finger, similar to the muscles of a normal thumb and yielding a spherical range of motion (Fig. 1b, c).For some reason, the authors didn’t mention toes. Did they fail to look and see if the subjects’ feet had extra digits? That would be odd. Whatever, “The experiments demonstrated that they have no difficulty in controlling the SF in coordination with and independently from the other fingers while no movement deficits of the hand or other limbs were observed.” The subjects were apparently happy to have the extra digits and there was no downside. Who wouldn’t want them? The authors were so surprised and pleased by the results, they feel that robot makers should design robots with six fingers!Where Has Evolution Been?Here is a clear case of a beneficial mutation. And yet since the first tetrapod crawled out of the water 400 million Darwin Years ago, evolution seems to have been stuck in a rut: five digits per limb max is all a creature gets. Some animals, like horses and birds, get fewer, but why isn’t polydactyly more common? Why don’t we see evolution producing 7-fingered animals, or 8 or more? Why is polydactyly still considered a genetic “defect” instead of a beneficial trait? (Note: as can be seen in images of polydactyl subjects, not all SF’s are beneficial; some are clearly deformed.)Evolutionists will invent storytelling words like “canalization” to explain evolutionary conundrums like this. Basically, canalization means that natural selection gets organisms stuck in a rut sometimes, and it’s hard to get out. But then, the opposite is also true! Variation is limitless, such that animals can invent flight, swimming, leaping, crawling and anything else. Evolution can invent wings, tails, eggs, the lack of eggs, pouches, beaks, teeth, gears, meat-eating plants, and eyes (multiple times independently). Any complex organ an animal would find useful can be made special order from Darwin’s Tinkering Shop. So what is the message of evolution— canalization, or innovation?Notably, the paper does not discuss evolution. This particular mutation for six fingers is not the type of random mutation that evolutionists would need to claim macroevolution, because the genes for fingers, with all their bones, muscles, tendons and parts, are already there. It’s instructive that all four limbs of the Gath Giant had six digits, not just one, two or three. Most likely a regulatory gene or “master switch” failed at some point in development. A switch for digit number failed to turn off before six digits began to develop in the embryo. That would explain why each digit contained the full suite of muscles and bones needed, which would have developed later after the initial digit number was established. Since many mutations are pleiotropic (i.e., affect other genes), the Gath Giant’s mutation may have also altered genetic controls for body size, leading to gigantism. Once again, though, if these mutations had been so beneficial in Darwinian thinking, they should have been selected, and spread throughout the entire human population. Since they did not, Darwinists cannot claim this as evidence for beneficial mutations supporting macroevolution.What About Creation?The same question must be asked of creationists. If six fingers are beneficial, why would an intelligent Designer restrict digits to five? The awesome variety in nature shows how easy it would be for the Maker to add or subtract digits. In fact, a Designer could have given each creature any number of fingers and toes suitable for its individual needs. Even whales and dolphins have five digits hidden within their flippers. What is it about five? We switch to Commentary mode for possible answers.For one thing, no animal is complaining. We humans do marvelously well with our endowments. One cannot say, “If a little is good, more is better” in all cases. Six may work, but seven? Eight? Certainly there will be a point of diminishing returns. Five is a great number that seems to be optimum for most people and animals.Another answer was suggested by Walter ReMine in his book The Biotic Message (1993). The living world is so designed, he argues, as to send a message: life did not evolve, and there is One Creator. Both creationists and evolutionists agree that organisms are arranged in nested hierarchies: groups with common traits, and groups within groups. The question is whether that arrangement indicates common ancestry or common design. ReMine states the central claim of his argument, which he defends for the next 500 pages:Life was reasonably designed for survival and for communicating a message that tells where life came from. The biotic message says, “Life is the product of a single designer – life was intentionally designed to resist all other interpretations of origin.” (p. 2o)Without the complexity, evolutionists might think life just pops into existence easily. Without the unity, theists might tend toward polytheism (i.e., different gods created different types of beings). When we see unity, such as in pentadactyly (5 digits) in the hierarchical group known as tetrapods, it supports the honest seeker with the message that the same Creator made them all.ReMine appeals to no religious arguments in his book. Message Theory, he argues, is a testable proposition for science, all the more powerful for the many questions it answers that evolutionists fail to answer (as he documents profusely in their own words). The bottom line of “Message Theory” is that creation sends an unambiguous signal of a single Designer.(Visited 484 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Friday Podcast Parade! The Wonderful World of Augmented Reality

first_imgTop Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#Podcasts#web 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Once again, the weekend is upon us – time to unplug, unwind and relax!But lest your brains turn to jelly during your time offline and away from work, load up your iPod with our weekly selection of podcasts sure to entertain and inform. The topic of this week’s parade is augmented reality (AR), the technology used to add a layer of data and visualizations over the real world in which we live. Download these discussions of a hot new area of tech, and give them a listen at your leisure!This week, we owe a huge hat-tip to our own Marshall Kirkpatrick, who is passionate and informed about the state of AR and has curated these podcasts at his Huffduffer page. We also owe a huge hat-tip to Huffduffer creator Jeremy Keith for making such a nifty tool for all us podcast lovers. First up, here’s Daniel Klotz and Ryan Mast, two Lancaster, PA-based technologists, discuss the social web and how our online activities increasingly “augment” our lives in the physical world. What does the future hold for us as users of technology and as human beings? How do we remain civilized in a heavily augmented reality? This is a great podcast to start thinking about how AR works and what it does in general terms.Download here or listen here. Running time: 32:43 Next, we have critical commentary from BusinessWeek’s tech editor Peter Coy and Steve Wildstrom, who feels that mobile AR isn’t real enough yet. Wildstrom makes the point that mobile devices don’t have accurate enough data to make AR work – not yet, at least. While he praises some apps, such as a subway finder, but still finds that most of the AR applications he’s tested haven’t been particularly helpful. Of course, Wildstrom does have a few ideas on how to improve the state of mobile AR – listen on for an idea of how developers and manufacturers should be raising the bar.Download here or listen here. Running time: 8:36 Here’s an interesting conversation between the editors of All Points, a location technology blog. They discuss how AR works and how it relates to geospatial technology. And they get to the point of many end users’ concerns by questioning whether AR is simply a set of cool but essentially useless gimmicks or whether there are, in fact, real-world applications for these tools and – more importantly – money to be made in the AR market.Download here or listen here. Running time: 23:03 Finally, check out mobile developers Roger Brinkley and Terrence Barr talk to Kenneth Andersson and Erik Hellman of Sony Ericsson about how to build non-visual AR apps, focusing on API access.Download here or listen here. Running time: 22:44To subscribe to the Podcast Parade, check out our Huffduffer page and feed, or just use this link to subscribe through iTunes. Thanks for listening, and we hope you enjoy!center_img Related Posts jolie odell Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic…last_img read more

Denver Builder Embraces ‘Challenge Home’ Standard

first_imgSimple techniques, standard materialsNew Town worked with several consultants on the design of the home, using both the HERS software and the Passive House Planning Package. Like other high-performance homes, those built by New Town have tight building envelopes and more insulation than conventional houses. But neither building materials nor building techniques are especially exotic.“I think the remarkable thing about our envelope is that it is simple,” New Town operations vice president Bill Rectanus said in a news release from the DOE. “It is built with standard construction materials that are used onsite every day. We are not having to retrain our subcontractors to use some new, high-tech product.”Double-stud exterior walls, consisting of two 2×4 walls separated by a 2 1/2-in. space, are filled with blown-in fiberglass insulation rated at R-36. Studs, 24 in. on center, are staggered to minimize thermal bridging, and walls are built using advanced framing techniques to reduce thermal bridging and save wood.“This wall works well for our climate zone,” Rectanus said. “And every framer in town knows how to frame a 2×4 wall, so it helped us reach a competitive price point.”Vented roofs are built with raised-heel trusses with 14 in. of height at the wall plate and insulated with blown-in fiberglass to R-50. Concrete foundation walls, a standard 8 in. thick, are insulated on the interior to R-19. Airtightness on the three-bedroom, 3,560-sq. ft. house cited by the Energy Department was measured at 2.11 air changes per hour at at pressure difference of 50 pascals.Windows are double-glazed, low-e units with a U-value of 0.28 and a solar heat gain coefficient of 0.22. A production builder working in Denver’s sprawling Stapleton development is buying into the U.S. Department of Energy’s Challenge Home standard in a big way.New Town Builders, which has sold more than 500 homes in Stapleton since it opened in 2001, has pledged to build each of the 250 to 300 homes it will construct there in the next decade to the high-performance, net-zero-ready standard.The 7 1/2-square-mile development on what was once the Stapleton International Airport eventually will include 4,600 homes, according to the U.S.Department of Energy. Energy Star is a minimum requirement for houses built there. But last year New Town adopted the more rigorous Challenge Home standard, and this year was declared the winner of the department’s Housing Innovation Awards in the production building category. It was one of a number of Challenge Home awards announced at the Solar Decathlon in October in Irvine, Calif.Challenge Home houses must meet a number of efficiency and quality requirements verified by third-party inspections. Houses built to this standard are 40% to 50% more efficient than a typical new house and have a Home Energy Rating System (HERS) index in the low to mid 50s, the Energy Department says. Net-zero energy designNew Town offers houses built to two different specs at Stapleton. The Solaris II comes with a 2.75-kW photovoltaic (PV) array and HERS ratings from the high 30s into the low 40s, the Energy Department said. A zero-energy option on this series (the type of house that won the Building Challenge award) includes a 9.5-kW PV system that brings the HERS rating to zero.New Town’s Z.E.N. (“zero energy now”) series homes have HERS ratings of 40 without a PV system and can become zero-energy with the addition of a PV array with a capacity of between 7 kW and 8 kW.Other features include:Whole-house ventilation provided by a continuously operating fan in a first-floor hallway.A tankless water heater for domestic hot water with a PEX plumbing distribution system and on-demand hot-water recirculation.A forced-air heating and cooling system that includes a 97.4% AFUE furnace and a 16 SEER air conditioning unit.Low-flow shower heads and drip irrigation.Z.E.N. homes are available with 3 to 5 bedrooms and 2 1/2 or 3 1/2 bathrooms; the homes sell from the low to mid $400,000s. “We are absolutely competitive and priced right there with the other builders in Stapleton,” New Town Builders marketing director Susan Elovitz says.last_img read more

Creating a Circular Economy for the Construction Industry

first_imgYou can’t make an omelet without breaking a few eggs—and in the construction industry, the eggshells tend to be rather large. In fact, while the industry is most commonly associated with creation, the waste generated by both construction and demolition is a huge problem—a problem that has no easy solution. In 2015, an estimated 548 million tons of construction and demolition waste were sent to landfills in the U.S., twice as much as standard municipal solid waste. What’s more, as demand for new housing, better infrastructure, and increasingly large industrial projects grows, that figure looks set to explode over the next decade. The problem facing the industry today, particularly in light of society’s realization that sustainable systems must be implemented in order to address fast-depleting natural resources, is how to reduce and efficiently recycle the waste generated by construction and demolition activities. Dealing with the waste generated in the construction industry presents a broad range of challenges. When compared to other industries, there is little in the way of consensus on how best to deal with it.RELATED ARTICLESWaste Management for New Construction and RemodelingRecycling Expanded PolystyreneRecycling Vinyl SidingBeyond RecyclingJob-Site Recycling: Asphalt Roofing Shingles First, the sheer tonnage and the bulk associated with waste materials means they are difficult to remove from the site and the waste takes up large areas in a landfill. Second, the broad range of different materials, combined with current demolition and waste management practices, means that waste streams are often highly contaminated and difficult to separate for recycling. Finally, standard waste management and recycling systems are simply unable to process the toxic elements found in the debris. While many think the waste generated by the construction and demolition industry is simply an inevitable consequence of building, others are beginning to look for more sustainable solutions to address the growing issue of waste. Or, to put it more precisely, rather than attempt to address the problems posed by existing systems, many are attempting to guide the industry to adopt and entirely new approach. Today, the concept of the circular economy is gaining traction in construction and demolition circles, and despite the many challenges associated with its implementation, I and others hope that it can drastically reduce the amount of waste generated even as the industry continues to grow. What is a circular economy? Put simply, the circular economy aims to replace existing take-make-waste systems that extract resources for use in current industrial models with a circular system that designs out waste and pollution, keeps products and materials in use, and regenerates natural systems. Its overarching goal is to redefine growth by decoupling economic activity from the use of finite resources and by placing value on waste as a commodity in itself. The circular economy identifies both technical and biological cycles; consumption occurs only in the biological cycle with the use of biodegradable materials that are fed back into the system through composting. The technical cycle on the other hand, recovers and restores products and components through reuse, repair, remanufacture and recycling. How can the construction industry move forward The circular economy concept has an extremely broad reach. In fact, it is designed to replace the foundations of our existing economy with a theoretical and practical approach that can be transferred from industry to industry. What does this mean in real terms for the construction and demolition industry? And how can a circular economy begin to tackle the huge amounts of waste produced annually? As previously mentioned, the industry needs to move away from extraction, production, use, and elimination (often in landfills), towards valuing waste as a resource. This can be achieved in a number of ways: Source reduction: Reducing the volume of new materials should be a priority. Examples include preserving existing buildings, optimizing new build sizes, and prolonging the life of buildings. Salvage and reuse: While salvage and reuse are already a part of the construction and demolition industry, new ways to repurpose and upcycle materials should be considered. Waste separation: Waste that cannot be used must be efficiently separated and transported to the correct recycling facilities for processing. Recycling: Recycling materials to be reused in the construction and demolition industry or in other areas should be improved, with new processes designed specifically for the construction and demolition industry. The future of the circular economy in construction While improving the efficacy of the above elements is a key step in pushing the construction and demolition industry towards a circular economy, the future promises to a provide even more opportunity. The circular economy is, essentially, a designed system, and in order to build a truly circular construction and demolition industry, new materials, tools, and systems that are designed to prevent waste should be a priority. Today, there are many innovative approaches that aim to help the construction and demolition industry become more circular. These include: New materials: The use of concrete in construction is highly polluting. New, less toxic and more easily recyclable replacements must be designed. Today, various biodegradable materials such as hemp and mycelium are being trialed. The same goes for other unsustainable construction materials such as sand. New building design: Designing buildings to make use of natural, biodegradable resources such as straw, soil, and bamboo as a core material will enable the C&D industry to move away from unsustainable materials such as concrete. New construction methods: New construction methods that make use of modular building elements that can be used multiple times will enable easier repurposing and reduce the energy required during construction. New waste management: The separation, logistical management, and recycling of materials can be streamlined and improved through the use of technology designed to make on-demand collections and insightful waste diversion metrics easier to access at all stages of the construction or demolition process. New legislation: Government must begin to create new laws that support and subsidize these innovations. While it is clear that there are many unique challenges facing the construction industry in a wholesale adoption of a circular economy, these changes are possible and entirely necessary. In a world where climate change is a real issue and stocks of non-renewable resources are quickly being used up, the construction and demolition industry will need innovative approaches to controlling waste. This fact, along with the huge volumes of waste generated by the industry, means that adopting exiting circular economy concepts and designing new systems that allow the industry to become more circular are crucial to its continued growth. Adam Pasquale is the co-founder and chief operating officer of Recycle Track Systems, Inc., a waste management and recycling company.last_img read more