The lion’s share of South Africa’s 2017 Budget will be spent on basic education – some R243-billion, or around 15.5% of total spending. But where does the money come from? And what are the government’s other spending priorities? Our handy infographic explains.The main sources of money the government spends are taxes and levies.Tough economic conditions have reduced the amount of taxes that will be collected in 2017/18.In order to sustain its spending priorities, the government has proposed raising additional tax revenue mainly from personal income tax and dividend withholding tax. As a result, some, R1.3-trillion is expected to be collected in 2017/18.Here’s a quick overview of where the money comes from, and how it will be spent.Click the image to enlarge.Words: Mary AlexanderDesign: Jae BritsWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Urban homesteading is a trend that is on the rise. It involves sustainable practices and self-reliance from sewing, gardening, mini-farming and preserving, which is nothing new to most farm families, but is becoming a new adventure and lifestyle to consumers sometimes many generations removed from the farm. Preservation is a big deal in the world of homesteading. This can include jams, jellies, canning, freezing and even dehydrating.Kim Scheiderer, my friend who likes to can and loves to be a homemaker, offered some tips on home preservation. First, how do you decide if you are going to freeze or can a crop? It simply boils down to a family’s taste preference. Food preservation is not hard, but it does take some organization, planning and time. For the most part, no special tools are needed unless you need a pressure cooker for specific veggies such as tomatoes or green beans. Stainless steel tools are recommended when using hot jams, jellies, other hot foods and reaching into hot water baths. She recounts a story one year when a batch of grape jelly had to be thrown out because it tasted like black plastic. Kim had used a black, supposedly heat-safe ladle, and she thinks it must have melted and blended in with the jelly. Memories are made during preservation days as well as when the family enjoys the products during the year.My memories of canning go back to eating some awesome bread and butter pickles my grandma made. No Thanksgiving or Christmas would be complete without leftover turkey sandwiches and her pickles. Believe it or not, I have never canned anything in my life. A few years ago when I arrived at a county fair to help judge 4-H projects, you can imagine my thoughts, when I was told I was judging the preservation projects. I took an immediate crash course in canning. If this is all new to you there are a couple of great resources. The standard reference for generations has been Ball’s Blue Book Guide to Preserving which is on its 37th edition. A great online reference is Ball’s website www.freshpreserving.com. OSU extension home food preservation has a website complete with pretty cool videos and local classes regarding home preservation. http://fcs.osu.edu/food-safety/home-food-preservation Happy preservation memories this summer! Kim’s Freezer Peaches6 cups sliced peaches1 cup sugar2 Tbsp. Fresh Fruit Preserver Peel & slice fresh peaches. Stir in sugar and preserver and let sit for 15 or until it makes syrup. Put desired amounts into quart freezer baggies. Freeze up to 1 year. Freezing Berries Shelly DetwilerStrawberries, Raspberries, Blackberries & Blueberries are frozen best.If you wash them before freezing, make sure they are very dry with a paper or cloth towel. Freeze on a parchment paper lined cookie sheet. For strawberries, raspberries and blackberries this should be 1 layer thick. Blueberries, when dry can be thicker. Freeze until solid and then put in airtight containers and bags. Then you can remove the amount you desire. Green Beans freshpreserving.comPreserving Method:Pressure CanningMakes about 1 quart2 lb green beans per quartWaterSalt, optionalBall Glass preserving jars with lids and bandsDirections:PREPARE boiling water canner. Heat jars in simmering water until ready for use. Do not boil. Wash lids in warm soapy water and set bands aside.WASH and rinse beans thoroughly. Remove string, trim ends and break or cut freshly gathered beans into 2-inch pieces. Place prepared beans in a large saucepan and cover with boiling water. Boil for 5 minutes.PACK hot beans into hot jars leaving 1 inch headspace. Add 1 tsp salt to each quart jar, 1/2 tsp to each pint jar, if desired.LADLE boiling water over beans leaving 1 inch headspace. Remove air bubbles. Wipe rim. Center hot lid on jar. Apply band and adjust until fit is fingertip tight.PROCESS filled jars in a pressure canner at 10 pounds pressure 20 minutes for pints and 25 minutes for quarts, adjusting for altitude. Remove jars and cool. Check lids for seal after 24 hours. Lid should not flex up and down when center is pressed.Note: The processing time given applies only to young, tender pods. Beans that have almost reached the “shell-out” stage require a longer processing time. Increase processing time 15 minutes for pints and 20 minutes for quarts. Herbed Tomatoes freshpreserving.comMakes about 6 (16 oz) pintsAdding dried herbs and spices to home-canned tomatoes gives you a head start on recipes that require seasoned tomatoes. Choose the spice blend that suits the kind of recipes you are likely to make.Preserving Method:Waterbath CanningYou Will Need:12 cups halved cored peeled tomatoes (about 24 medium or 8 lb)WaterSpice blend(s), see belowBall® Citric Acid or bottled lemon juiceSalt, optional6 Ball (16 oz) pint glass preserving jars with lids and bandsDirections:PREPARE boiling water canner. Heat jars in simmering water until ready for use. Do not boil. Wash lids in warm soapy water and set bands aside.COMBINE tomatoes with just enough water to cover in a large saucepan. Bring to a boil and boil gently for 5 minutes.ADD specified quantity of your chosen spice blend, ¼ tsp Ball® Citric Acid or 1 Tbsp bottled lemon juice and 1/4 tsp salt, if using, to each hot jar.PACK tomatoes into hot jars leaving 1/2 inch headspace. Ladle hot cooking liquid over tomatoes leaving 1/2 inch headspace. Remove air bubbles. Wipe rim. Center hot lid on jar. Apply band and adjust until fit is fingertip tight.PROCESS filled jars in a boiling water canner 40 minutes for pints and quarts, adjusting for altitude. Remove jars and cool. Check lids for seal after 24 hours. Lid should not flex up and down when center is pressed.Italian Spice Blend Makes about 6 (32 oz) quarts or 12 (16 oz) pints, You will need: 4 tsp basil2 tsp thyme2-1/2 tsp oregano1-1/2 tsp rosemary1-1/2 tsp sage1 tsp garlic powder1 tsp hot pepper flakes,optionalADD 2-1/4 tsp of spice blend to each pint jar. If omitting hot pepper flakes, use only 2 tsp.Mexican Spice Blend Makes about 6 (32 oz) quarts or 12 (16 oz) pints, You will need:6 tsp chili powder2 tsp ground cumin2 tsp oregano2 tsp garlic powder2 tsp ground coriander1-1/2 tsp seasoned salt, optionalADD 2-1/2 tsp of spice blend to each pint jar. If omitting seasoned salt, use only 2 tsp. Tomatoes – Packed in Water freshpreserving.comMakes about 2 pints or 1 quartPreserving Method:Pressure CanningYou Will Need:2-1/2 to 3-1/2 pounds tomatoes per 2 pints or 1 quartBall citric acid or bottled lemon juicesalt (optional)Ball Glass preserving jars with lids and bands Directions:PREPARE boiling water canner. Heat jars in simmering water until ready for use. Do not boil. Wash lids in warm soapy water and set bands aside.WASH and prepare tomatoes by placing into a large saucepot of boiling water. Blanch tomatoes 30-60 seconds or until skins start to crack. Remove from boiling water. Dip immediately into cold water.SLIP off skins, trim away any green areas; cut out core. Leave tomatoes whole or cut into halves or quarters.ADD 1/4 teaspoon citric acid or 1 tablespoon bottled lemon juice to each pint jar OR 1/2 teaspoon citric acid or 2 tablespoons bottled lemon juice to each quart jar.PACK tomatoes into hot jars following the RAW PACK or HOT PACK methods listed below.ADD 1/2 teaspoon salt to each pint jar or 1 teaspoon salt to each quart jar, if desired.REMOVE air bubbles. Adjust two-piece caps.PROCESS pints and quarts 10 minutes at 10 pounds of pressure in a pressure canner, adjusting for altitude. Remove jars and cool. Check lids for seal after 24 hours. Lids should not flex up and down when the center is pressed.RAW PACK METHODPACK tomatoes into hor jars leaving 1-inch headspace. Ladle hot water over tomatoes leaving 1-inch headspace.HOT PACK METHODPLACE tomatoes in a large saucepot. Add enough water to cover tomatoes.BOIL gently for 5 minutes, stirring to prevent sticking.PACK hot tomatoes into hot jars, leaving 1-inch headpsace. Ladel hot cooking liquid over tomatoes, leaving 1-inch headspace.
Tags:#berlin#food waste#FridgeCam#IFA 2016#Internet of Things#IoT#LG#refrigeration#Samsung#smart devices#smart refrigeration#smarter Cate Lawrence LG’s InstaView Door in Door RefrigeratorSamsung is not the only company to offer a computer screen on your fridge. LG has now released a fridge complete with a 29″ Windows 10 Surface computer on one of the doors and interestingly, made the screen transparent so users can see inside the fridge with two quick knocks on the glass.This means in effect that you’ll be able to see the products filling the shelves on the inside of the right-hand of its two doors. To be specific, you’ll see the front labels of the products if they’re put in backwards, that is with their labels facing inwards, but then when you open the door they’ll be facing away from you. Not so appealing. Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces Over the last week Berlin has been home to IFA, Europe’s answer to the Consumer Electronics Show (CES). It features all the usual big name electronics that are household names internationally, along with brands you’ll only be able to buy in Europe or Asia and a smattering of smaller start-ups sharing booths with likeminded enterprises and a brand.It is amongst the latter that I came across Smarter, a UK-based business that is set to disrupt the increasingly high-tech industry of refrigeration.See also: Are prices driving away smart home consumers?Smarter used to show to launch their latest product TheFridgeCam, a wireless fridge camera that allows users to see the contents of their fridge from wherever they are via the app. The camera takes a photo of the contents of the fridge every time the door is shut, which is them displayed via the Smarter app.Its features include:Expiry reminders based on the fridge’s contents, ensuring items are used before they run out of date.Receive replenishment notifications when you have run out of certain products, ensuring the user always has stock of the everyday essentials.Set notifications for when the user is passing their favorite store.Fully automated replenishment service, products can automatically be added to online shopping basket, allowing user to buy what they need, when they need it.A recipe suggestion option allows the app to suggest recipes based on fridge’s remaining contents.A temperature sensor notifies you if there is an adjustment in temperature, which could cause food to spoil, or indicating that the fridge door has been left open.While smart fridges are something of a icon/cliche in the connected home development rush of the the last few years, the best thing about TheFridgeCam is the price. It retails at just $145, making it considerably cheaper to make your own fridge smart instead of the expense of replacing of the far pricier intelligent refrigerator options.Now, let’s look at some of the pricier options.Samsung Family HubTake for instance the Samsung Family Hub refrigerator, now available in Europe, in black to boot which also has a function to take photos inside the fridge. It is what it appears, a smart fridge which includes 21.5″ touchscreen that can function as the family’s interactive “white board.”Through the Samsung Smart Home app, family members can share photos and memos in real time from wherever they are. Users can also synchronize their smartphone calendars and share each other’s schedules with their family through the Sticki app.Samsung has partnered with various online grocery shopping services from all regions such as Eataly, and Supermercato24 in Europe. It’s price starts and $5000USD depending on where and how you buy. Related Posts Internet of Things Makes it Easier to Steal You… I can’t be the only person thinking it might be far preferably to securely mount an iPad to the fridge door — or another flat surface — and spend the savings on a holiday?But back to Smarter, they’re not a one-trick pony with previous home appliances under the belt achieving a number of awards including the Great British Entrepreneur, London Design award and Best Innovative Company.CEO Christian Lane says:“The FridgeCam will help users live and shop smarter. This is where the much talked about Internet of Things and Connected Products really start to have a positive effect on customers’ pockets and everyday lives.”This product shows that the little guys can disrupt big businesses, even in industries like electronics by focusing what people really need from connected products as opposed to what’s for show. Follow the Puck Small Business Cybersecurity Threats and How to…
Temporal and Spatial Interpolation are two distinctly different terms. What do they mean and what purpose do they serve in After Effects?There’s a lot of lingo to learn in After Effects. There is a lot of foreign verbiage – from Frame Blending to Rasterizing – that can be quite confusing to both AE rookies and experts alike. Two terms commonly misunderstood in After Effects are Temporal and Spatial Interpolation.The terms Temporal and Spatial are used almost exclusively to talk about interpolation in After Effects (or the way in which After Effects will process data in-between keyframes). However, the two are very different in the way they work. We decided to shed some light on this confusion and explain the differences between these two commonly confused terms.Temporal InterpolationTemporal Interpolation refers to the way After Effects processes keyframe changes in time. For example, When you’re converting your position keyframes from linear to Bezier or Easy Ease, you are changing the time at which the layer will be at a certain point, not necessarily changing the shape of an object’s path.In the following example, both of the paths feature the same shape – however one of the movements seems smoother than the other.This is an example of keyframes with Linear Interpolation. Notice how the movement is inconsistent.Here are the same keyframes with Temporal Smoothing.Notice how the example with Temporal Smoothing is much more natural in the way it moves across the composition. When creating lifelike movements, adjusting the temporal properties are a must. If you are viewing the speed graph in the graph editor, you are viewing a temporal graph because it only deals with changes between keyframes in time, not in 2D or 3D space.Spatial InterpolationWhereas Temporal Interpolation has to deal with changes in an objects time, Spatial Interpolation deals with changes in a layer’s path shape. When you’re talking about smoothing an object’s keyframes using Spatial Interpolation, you aren’t talking about smoothing in such a way that harsh path points become rounded. The following example shows us what adding Spatial Interpolation Smoothing to a layers path can do.This is a simple three keyframe example of a square creating a “V” shape using the position parameter:This is the same example with Spatial Smoothing Interpolation.When to Modify Interpolation in After EffectsBoth Temporal and Spatial normally refer to the type of smoothing that you are going to be adding to your keyframes. By using the ‘Smoothing Window’ in After Effects you can select your desired keyframes, and it will give you the option to smooth using a Spatial or Temporal path. If nothing else, using technique will help you learn the difference between these two types of interpolation.Wait! I’m Still ConfusedIn the end, it’s best to think of Temporal as Time and Spatial as Space. Practically speaking, you probably won’t need to know the difference between Spatial or Temporal Interpolation to be successful in After Effects. But understanding the difference between the terms will help your mind become better in-tune with the way After Effects processes data, which might help if you want to dive into scripting in the future.If you want to learn more about the difference between Spatial and Temporal Interpolation in After Effects, check out a few of these resources:The Difference Between Temporal and Spatial Interpolation – Creative Cloud UserKeyframe Interpolation – After Effects HelpUnderstanding spatial and temporal interpolation – 3DS Max TutorialsNeed motion graphics for your video projects? Check out the professional After Effects templates at RocketStock!Know of any other resources for learning about keyframe interpolation? Share in the comments below.
Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa View comments “I guess the boys really want to be in this position, contending for a Final Four (spot),” said San Sebastian coach Egay Macaraya. “Hopefully, everybody will step up so that we’ll have a better chance.”Perpetual Help dropped to 4-8, sharing seventh spot with Arellano, while St. Benilde moved to the brink of early elimination by slipping to a 3-10 card.The Pirates needed a late push to hold off the Altas, who once again drew a big game from Prince Eze, who had 26 points and 20 rebounds.Mike Nzeusseu, CJ Perez and JC Marcelino combined in a strong finishing kick that boosted the Pirates to a first Final Four appearance with five games to spare.Perez sizzled for 21 points, while Nzeusseu added 15 points to match JV Marcelino’s output and Spencer Pretta came off the bench to chip in 12 points, all from three-pointers.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES Already good for silver, Delarmino shoots for Muay Thai gold E.T. returns to earth, reunites with grown-up Elliott in new ad “If we’re goal-oriented, our goal is not just to make it to the Final Four but we have to go beyond that,” said Robinson, after the Pirates extended their historic run to 13 games.“It (making history) is really important to us, but if we could go further, I guess that’s what we’re aiming for. Again, you cannot be fat and happy just making it to the Final Four.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutLater, San Sebastian continued its Final Four push with a 73-61 drubbing of St. Benilde to forge a three-team tie for fourth spot.Renzo Navarro fired 16 points, while Michael Calisaan chipped in 11 points as the Stags improved to 6-6, tying Letran and Emilio Aguinaldo College. LOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary Read Next BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight Lyceum star CJ Perez (left) and Perpetual’s Flash Sadiwa are left suspended in midair during a loose ball scramble. —AUGUST DELA CRUZMake no mistake about it, Lyceum is far from satisfied from just clinching a Final Four berth in NCAA Season 93.Pirates coach Topex Robinson immediately set loftier goals for his team after a 94-83 whipping of Perpetual Help secured a first postseason appearance on Thursday at Filoil Flying V Centre in San Juan.ADVERTISEMENT NCAA Season 93 Preview: Lyceum Pirates PLAY LIST 02:00NCAA Season 93 Preview: Lyceum Pirates02:12San Beda, Lyceum early favorites ahead of NCAA Season 9300:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president MOST READ Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC The Pirates still have their work cut out for them if they want to sweep their remaining matches that will actually guarantee a finals berth along with a thrice-to-beat bonus in the championship round. Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City
Ohio State redshirt senior quarterback J.T. Barrett (16) hands the ball off to redshirt sophomore running back Mike Weber (25) in the third quarter against Rutgers on Sep. 30. Ohio State won 56-0. Credit: Jack Westerheide | Photo EditorFor the first time all season, Ohio State was able to effectively use both redshirt sophomore running back Mike Weber and freshman running back J.K. Dobbins in the same game for multiple drives in Saturday’s 56-0 win over Rutgers.Moving forward, head coach Urban Meyer said on the Big Ten coaches teleconference he would like to use both of them in the backfield at the same time.“They’re that quality of players when you put your best 11 up on the board, those two names surface,” Meyer said. “Our obligation is to play the best players and you know, last week we really didn’t get the repetition we wanted with either one of them.”Weber finished the game with 44 rushing yards on 10 carries and three rushing touchdowns, while Dobbins had only six carries, but totaled 53 yards on the ground. The team will not always be able to use both running backs at once. When Meyer is forced to choose one over the other, he said the indicator of who is performing the best would be to see what kind of energy level the two backs have and who is displaying the best ball security.“That’s one position that’s fairly easy to find out a guy’s in a rhythm. Just the demeanor, the way [the running back] handles himself and obviously the production,” he said. “You can tell, like, it’s not much different than if the fan when you’re watching the game and you can feel every time that guy touches the ball, or even you just feel them on the field.”Here are some additional notes from the teleconference:On Dante Booker’s improvement: “I do believe he struggled a little bit. Wasn’t so much from the injury, just getting back in the flow of things. The injury was fine, it’s just when you miss that much time and Book is one of those guys that we’ve never had to worry about him going hard or worry about him. He’s a pleaser, he wants to do everything right and sometimes you paralyze yourself because you over-analyze everything instead of just playing four to six [seconds], a to b.”On Booker being named defensive player of the week: “Oh everybody loves him, including myself and the players respect him because they know how hard he works and how much Ohio State football means to him, so it was a big cheer for him and you know, just the way you want it.”On Dwayne Haskins: “He went to a smaller, very good high school, but a smaller high school. And I think the competition was not like it was [here]. Sort of took him some time to adjust to the speed and aggressiveness, et cetera. He’s growing up, he’s still growing as a player, a quarterback. Game experience is priceless for a guy like that and he’s really handled it very well.”On Maryland quarterback Max Bortenschlager against Minnesota: “I think he was extremely efficient with the quick passing game, getting the ball out and then obviously he had some big runs. You know Minnesota going into that was one of the top defenses in America and I thought he did excellent. But he was also, now he’s established himself as a starter and you see that, with a talented guy, you see that development work. Our … defense staff has got a lot of respect for him.”On impressive Maryland players: “I think the skillset of the offensive players, the six-out and their returner [D.J. Moore], he’s obviously very involved in the kicking game. So the skill positions on the receiver and the running back is very patient and great acceleration. And on defense, just another year in the system of coach [D.J.] Durkin and the understanding of that 3-4 style defense they play and the activity of the defensive front. That’s what catches my eye.”
Ohio State redshirt junior midfielder Brady Blackwell (4) protects the ball from a Falcon during the Ohio State-BGSU game on Sep. 22. Credit: Jack Westerheide | Photo EditorEighteen minutes into the first period of the Ohio State men’s soccer game on Sept. 26 against Detroit Mercy, redshirt junior midfielder Brady Blackwell flicked in a shot four yards out from the net and scored his first career goal as a Buckeye.Blackwell’s collegiate soccer story doesn’t begin in Columbus, Ohio, however, and it wasn’t always easy. He spent two seasons playing soccer at San Diego State University before he made the decision to transfer 2,263 miles back home and attend Ohio State.Growing up in Dublin, Ohio, 10 minutes away from Ohio State’s campus, it was always a dream for Blackwell to don a scarlet and gray jersey and play soccer for the Buckeyes.“When the opportunity presented itself to come home, I couldn’t pass it up,” Blackwell said.A little over a year ago, Blackwell was working hard during the preseason prior to his junior year at a new school with a new team.That preparation came to a halt when he was injured. It forced him to take a medical redshirt and stand on the sidelines while he watched his teammates play the 2016 season without him.“It was just tough having to watch my teammates work and not being able to help out,” Blackwell said. “I tried to encourage them and do all I could, but there’s nothing like competing and practicing with your teammates.”Blackwell said it was frustrating not being on the field with his team, but ultimately, he took his injury as a learning experience.“I was very upset I couldn’t help contribute in my first season here at OSU,” Blackwell said. “But that’s part of the sport, and I think the injury helped me learn some important lessons.”Fast forward to the 2017 season and Blackwell is healed from his injury and trying to make every second of this year count.So far this season, Blackwell has played in 13 games for Ohio State, started 11 matches and added one goal to his list of accomplishments.Being injured can be detrimental to a player’s future career and success, but Blackwell said being injured made him appreciate the game even more and motivated him to work harder.“It’s important to play and train hard everyday, because you have no idea when something like an injury might happen,” Blackwell said. “Overall, it just made me respect the opportunity I’ve been given.”Blackwell’s return to play has been a huge boost to the Buckeyes success in the season so far, his teammates said. In the midfield, Blackwell’s ability to dictate the flow and tempo of the game has made a large impact on Ohio State’s game, said senior defender Niall Logue.“Last year we knew he was going to be a big player for us,” Logue said. “In the preseason he got the news that he was going to have to medical redshirt, and that was a huge blow for us, especially in the midfield.”For the Buckeyes, having a roster filled with 15 freshmen requires plenty of leadership from the few upperclassmen. Blackwell delivers that much-needed command both on and off the field, Logue said.“Having him back this year is a big influence in a leadership way as well,” Logue said. “He’s a big personality in the locker room.”After experiencing different trials and tribulations throughout his collegiate soccer career, Blackwell brings a lot of wisdom to the team. “I’ve played at two different universities and have gained experience along the way. My injury humbled me and allowed me to take a step back and observe the opportunity we have as Ohio State athletes,” Blackwell said. “I hope that I can encourage younger players to take nothing for granted, and to train and play everyday like it’s your last.”