ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/893326/casa08-live-incorporadora Clipboard ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/893326/casa08-live-incorporadora Clipboard Houses Year: Projects “COPY” ArchDaily Architects: Live Incorporadora Area Area of this architecture project 2017 Manufacturers: Pedrizan, Roesler, Sousal Alumínios, Xangrila Pedras, polimixConstruction:M&M ConstruçõesAuthor:Cristiano HoffmannArchitect In Charge:Cristiano HoffmannTeam:Engenheiro Marcos Bauermann, Arquiteto Mauricio Miranda, Engenheiro Evandro DaddaCity:Xangri-LáCountry:BrazilMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Marcelo DonadussiRecommended ProductsDoorsAir-LuxPivoting DoorEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesAlucoilStructural Honeycomb Panels – LarcoreWoodParklex International S.L.Wood cladding – FacadePorcelain StonewareCosentinoSurfaces – Dekton® Chromica CollectionText description provided by the architects. Expanding the architectural references of the small seaside town of Xangri-la, RS, CASA08 brings the illuminated freshness of the union between geometry and transparency. Modernism that challenges the perspective, with blocks that distribute the 175sqm of construction in a challenging design that supports all the volume of the work in only two cubes.Save this picture!© Marcelo DonadussiSave this picture!Ground Floor PlanSave this picture!© Marcelo DonadussiOn the first floor, a large block of apparent ripped super rustic concrete contrasts with large glass cloths. On the front facade the large wooden soleise brise the privacy of the family and conveys a little warmth to the building. In the back, the large translucent spans guarantee an interactive and versatile space to the exterior areas of the house and the entrance of natural light.Save this picture!© Marcelo DonadussiIn addition to the extensive garden area, CASA08 has a generous dining room with barbecue and a large fireplace for the couple to enjoy the cold winter days. Living areas and gourmet kitchen are fully integrated into the rest of this floor. In the second floor the master suite and 2 more suites guarantee warmth to the rest of the family and friendsSave this picture!© Marcelo DonadussiProject gallerySee allShow lessThe Architecture of Chernobyl: Past, Present, and FutureArchitecture NewsAS+GG Architecture to Design Yacht-Inspired Tower in MiamiArchitecture News Share Save this picture!© Marcelo Donadussi+ 34Curated by Pedro Vada Share Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Brazil CopyHouses•Xangri-Lá, Brazil CopyAbout this officeLive IncorporadoraOfficeFollowProductsWoodConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesXangri-láBrazilPublished on April 30, 2018Cite: “CASA08 / Live Incorporadora” [Casa 08 / Live Incorporadora] 30 Apr 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
“COPY” ArchDaily Products translation missing: en-US.post.svg.material_description Year: Photographs: Cristóbal Caro Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Chile “COPY” Houses De la Palmera House / Prado Arquitectos Photographs ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/932708/casa-de-la-palmera-prado-arquitectos Clipboard Area: 377 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project CopyHouses•Concepción, Chile Lead Architect: Save this picture!© Cristóbal Caro+ 17Curated by Clara Ott Share Manufacturers: GRAPHISOFT, Añihue, Duomo, Indalum, Ladrillos Princesa, Volcan De la Palmera House / Prado ArquitectosSave this projectSaveDe la Palmera House / Prado Arquitectos CopyAbout this officePrado ArquitectosOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesConcepcionChilePublished on February 10, 2020Cite: “De la Palmera House / Prado Arquitectos” [Casa de la Palmera / Prado Arquitectos] 10 Feb 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021.
Photographs Projects Photographs: Federico Cairoli Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Brazil Area: 70 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: Carlos Saul Zebulun “COPY” CopyAbout this officeZebulun ArquiteturaOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureRefurbishmentRestorationRio de JaneiroBrazilPublished on May 15, 2020Cite: “Itamonte Garage / Zebulun Arquitetura” [Garagem Itamonte / Zebulun Arquitetura] 15 May 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021.
The event fundraising network effectAs well as reaching a large network of individuals via Facebook, many of whom are not existing supporters of the charity, individual fundraisers often inspire others to follow in their footsteps and fill places at future events. JustGiving has found that nearly one in four fundraisers will either take part in the same event for charity the next year or inspire a friend or family member to take part.This conclusion was based on a study of four major fundraising events held during 2010 and 2011. JustGiving analysed the fundraising activity of fundraisers and their sponsors in the next year. In total, 12% of fundraisers raise money for the same event in the subsequent year, while a further 11% of all sponsors of those fundraisers go on to fundraise for the same event in the subsequent year.Delegates at the event got to see demonstrations of JustGiving and ACTIVE Network’s integrated event registration and fundraising tool for UK charities and event partners.Howard Bell, Director of Partnerships at JustGiving, said: “We’ve been exploring the fundraising network effect – the idea that by participating in an event, fundraisers actually encourage their friends and families to do likewise. This data shows that not only do event fundraisers have a large online social reach, they act as inspiration for others, bringing in new advocates for their charity and new participants for their chosen event. By encouraging fundraising, event organisers give themselves a powerful word of mouth marketing tool.”Sejal Pietrzak, SVP of International at ACTIVE Network, added: “We’ve found that friends and family are huge motivators in not only participating in an event, but also fundraising, and that social media’s ability to foster participation is a critical component”.PresentationYesterday’s conference presentation has been shared by JustGiving: Online fundraising service JustGiving reports that individual fundraisers taking part in organised events reach on average 562 people on Facebook. In addition they help inspire others to take part in the same event.The statistics were based on internal justGiving data for over 300,000 fundraising pages, combined with additional data from Google Analytics and Facebook Insights.The scale of impact of the event fundraising ‘network effect’ was explained at yesterday’s conference ‘Making every step count: How to maximize participation and fundraising at your event’. Held at The Commonwealth Club in London by JustGiving and ACTIVE Network, the conference shared event fundraising insights with an audience of charity fundraisers and event organisers. Advertisement About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 3 October 2012 | News 51 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1 Tagged with: Digital Events Facebook Research / statistics JustGiving reveals individual fundraisers reach 562 people on Facebook Making every step count: How to maximise participation and fundraising at your event from JustGiving You can find out more in this promotional video:www.justgiving.com/en/partnerships/event-registration AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1
Undeterred by rain, New Yorkers came out to protest a speech by Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko on the campus of Columbia University on Sept. 29. They loudly chanted: “U.S. out of Ukraine! Fascists off the campus!”People left work and school early to join the demonstration. They included members of the Ukrainian and Russian immigrant communities, Harlem residents, and members of anti-fascist and anti-war organizations.Holding signs with Poroshenko’s photo and the words “Wanted for War Crimes,” the protesters informed Columbia students, workers and residents of the West Harlem neighborhood about why the Ukrainian oligarch should be standing in front of a war crimes tribunal, instead of being given the red carpet treatment by a university.Signs and leaflets laid out the charges against Poroshenko: his responsibility for more than 7,000 deaths in the war against the independent Donetsk and Lugansk People’s Republics; forcing 1.3 million people to become refugees; jailing journalists and political opponents; banning communist ideology while celebrating fascist collaborators; violations of the Minsk 2 ceasefire agreement, including shelling and terror attacks aimed at hospitals, schools and other civilian targets; and acting as the agent of Wall Street and Washington to impose austerity and NATO expansion.Protesters also carried flags of the Donetsk People’s Republic, the Ghost Brigade of the Novorossiyan people’s militia, the Ukrainian communist organization Borotba and the Soviet flag of victory, symbolizing the triumph over fascism in World War II. Carrying any of those flags in Poroshenko’s Ukraine would result in arrest — or worse.The New York Police Department escorted Poroshenko onto the campus by a side street to avoid the protesters. But when his motorcade pulled up to Low Library, people raised their voices to make sure he heard them chanting: “Poroshenko! You can’t hide! We charge you with genocide!”“We are here not only to condemn Poroshenko,” declared Greg Butterfield of the International Action Center. “We are here to condemn Columbia University President Lee Bollinger for giving this war criminal a platform to spread his lies about ‘Russian aggression’ in Donbass. We are here to demand that President Obama, Senator John McCain and other high officials in Washington stop funding and arming Poroshenko’s fascist junta.”Longtime Harlem activist Nellie Bailey drew the connection between Columbia University’s gentrification policies, aimed at driving African-American residents out of the neighborhood, and its promotion of far right-wing and neoliberal regimes like Poroshenko’s.Protesters successfully faced down several provocations by Ukrainian fascists.A Poroshenko supporter attempted to tear down the flag of the Donetsk People’s Republic. When this failed, a member of Poroshenko’s security detail physically assaulted a protester who was handing out leaflets. A second protester intervened to stop the assault, since police refused to. The police shielded the violent fascist, but gave a summons for “disorderly conduct” to the activist who stopped the attack!The provocateur who tried to tear down the flag was later identified as Peter Zalmayev, executive director of an organization called the “Eurasia Democracy Initiative” and director of the Eurasia Institute at Columbia University. Zalmayev kept coming back after the assault, shouting that the anti-Poroshenko protesters were “paid agents.” But it seems he, in fact, is a very well paid functionary of the junta and U.S. imperialism. Zalmayev’s Facebook page shows him meeting with New York Mayor Bill de Blasio and frequently appearing on pro-Poroshenko media.Butterfield said: “We’re inspired by the courage and sacrifice of the people of Donbass and Ukrainian anti-fascists who continue fighting for liberation. We will continue to stand with them against the Kiev junta and U.S. imperialism.”FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Make a comment More Cool Stuff Community News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Community News Subscribe Business News 14 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Weicheng Zhao (r), All Saints’ new Associate Organist-Choirmaster with his wife Fang Gao (l) both amazing musicians from China via USC. Photo courtesy All Saints ChurchOn Sunday, Nov. 8, 5:00 p.m. at All Saints Church, enjoy the meditative rhythm of choral and instrumental music, silence and the beauty of the church architecture.Open yourself to the blessings of joy, healing and peace. The homily is an instrumental piece played by Fang Gao and Weicheng Zhao and the prayers are said silently, as each worshipper is invited to light a candle at the altar rail or transept — a wonderful way to center and replenish yourself. Coventry Choir offers music of Shank and Gjeilo; Ed Bacon celebrates.Child care is available. For more information, contact Debbie Daniels, at (626) 583-2750 or [email protected] All Saints Church is at 132 N. Euclid Avenue, Pasadena, directly across Euclid from Pasadena City Hall. Religious Music Contemplative Evening Eucharist at All Saints Church From STAFF REPORTS Published on Sunday, November 1, 2015 | 11:57 pm Top of the News faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes First Heatwave Expected Next Week Herbeauty10 Brutally Honest Reasons Why You’re Still SingleHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Questions To Start Conversation Way Better Than ‘How U Doing?’HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThe Most Heartwarming Moments Between Father And DaughterHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty7 Most Startling Movie Moments We Didn’t Realize Were InsensitiveHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty7 Things A Man Will Do Only If He Really Loves YouHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyRobert Irwin Recreates His Father’s Iconic PhotosHerbeautyHerbeauty
Top StoriesHathras Case Trial- Threats Extended To Victim’s Counsel, Family In Open Court: Allahabad High Court Directs Inquiry Into The Incident, Warns Of Contempt Action Sparsh Upadhyay20 March 2021 5:50 AMShare This – xTaking into account the complaint made by the Victim’s family in Hathras Rape and Murder case regarding the threats extended to them, including the Counsel for the Victim’s family in open Court, the Allahabad High Court on Friday (19th March) directed an inquiry into the allegations. Before the bench of Justice Rajan Roy and Justice Jaspreet Singh, the counsel for the…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginTaking into account the complaint made by the Victim’s family in Hathras Rape and Murder case regarding the threats extended to them, including the Counsel for the Victim’s family in open Court, the Allahabad High Court on Friday (19th March) directed an inquiry into the allegations. Before the bench of Justice Rajan Roy and Justice Jaspreet Singh, the counsel for the victim’s brother apprised the Court of an incident which took place on 05th March 2021, when two prosecution witnesses (including the victim’s brother) had presented themselves before the Special Court at Hathras where the matter is pending trial. Submissions made before the High Court Allegedly, shortly after the prosecution witness began deposing before the Presiding Officer, Special Court (SC/ST Act), Hathras on 05th March 2021, an advocate stormed into the courtroom and charged towards the applicant and the complainant counsel, shouting and issuing threats. As per the affidavit, amongst the barrage of threats extended to the complainant Advocate Seema Kushwaha, he stated that in this case the complainant counsel could not represent the victim’s family. Allegedly, at the same time, a large mob, including lawyers, entered the courtroom and surrounded the applicant and the complainant’s counsel in order to threaten and intimidate them. Further, the affidavit narrated that on account of this ruckus created by the Advocate and mob which included lawyers and others, the P.Ws could not properly depose on account of fear for their life and security. Also, when after some time the proceedings were resumed, another Advocate entered the courtroom and he also issued threats to the complainant’s counsel and thus, in these circumstances, the Presiding Officer was forced to stop the proceedings. The affidavit also stated that acknowledging the real and a grave threat to the counsel for the applicant, the Presiding Judge, further ordered the police personnel present in the courtroom to provide her security cover within the court premises. Prayer of the applicant In this backdrop, the applicant prayed before the High Court that a report be called from the Presiding Officer, Special Court, SC/ST Act, Hathras regarding the 05th March 2021 incident and also, to stay the trial proceedings in the interregnum, given the real and grave risk of miscarriage of justice, till such report by the Presiding Officer is received. Counsel for the Victim’s brother also informed the Court that the trial was fixed before the Special Court at Hathras ton 19th March, however, the counsel for the victim was unable to inform the Court what happened today, when the case was taken up before the Trial Court. Also, the brother of the victim was supposed to be before the Trial Court but considering the threat extended to him, his counsel informed the Court that he was unable to appear before the Trial Court. Court’s order At the outset, the Court noted the submissions made by Advocate appearing for the State and the Amicus Curiae, who emphasized the necessity of ensuring free trial in the matter and that if the alleged incident actually took place, it is a serious matter of which cognizance should be taken by this Court and every effort should be made to ensure fair trial as also security to the victim’s family and the witnesses. Further, the counsel for the CBI informed the Court that the CBI intended to file an application for transfer of the trial from District Hathras, elsewhere, within the State. Considering the facts as stated in the affidavit, the Court directed the District Judge, Hathras to inquire as to whether any such incident as has been alleged in the affidavit occurred or not, on 05.03.2021, and send his report in this regard to this Court in a sealed cover. The Court also directed that a report of the Presiding Officer, Special Court, SC/ST Act (who is trying Sessions Trial No. 583 of 2020) be filed as to the incidents which may have taken place in his presence in the Court Room or outside. “The District Judge shall before preparing such report go through CCTV Cameras, if any, installed in the court premises. The report shall be made available to the Senior Registrar of this Court at Lucknow within 15 days who in turn shall place it on record of these proceedings”, directed the Court. Further, the Court also directed the Inspector General, C.R.P.F. Central Sector, Lucknow, “To collect information in this regard from his personnel who have been deputed for security of the victim’s family and who, in all probability, must have accompanied the family to the Trial Court, as to whether any such incident, as has been narrated in the affidavit, took place in the Court premises.” Significantly, the Court said that after receipt of the aforesaid report, it would consider as to whether trial in question before the Special Judge, (SC/ST Act), Hathras is required to be stayed and is to be transferred elsewhere in the exercise of powers under Section 407 Cr.P.C. Further, the Court directed the Trial Court that till the next date of listing, it should conduct the proceedings in-camera in keeping with the letter and spirit of Section 327 Cr.P.C. and it shall adhere to this mandate strictly. Lastly, posting the matter for further hearing on 07th April, the Court warned that if any person who is stranger to the trial as also anyone who may be involved in the trial, tries to disturb the proceedings before the Trial Court or in any manner attempts to threaten the life, liberty and property of the victim’s family and the witnesses, the Court would be taking severe action against such person including contempt proceedings under the Contempt of Court’s Act, 1971 read with Section 215 of the Constitution of India. Click Here To Download Order [Read Order]Next Story
Florida Dept. of Law EnforcementBy JAMES HILL, ABC News(NEW YORK) — The U.S. Virgin Islands government, in an expanding investigation into the alleged sex trafficking enterprise of Jeffrey Epstein, is seeking documents related to the late financier from billionaire businessman and philanthropist Glenn Dubin, his wife and his former investment firm, according to court filings in the Superior Court of the Virgin Islands in St. Thomas.Dubin, a New Yorker whose net worth is estimated by Forbes at $2 billion, has come under scrutiny for his alleged long-running professional and personal ties to Epstein, who was charged last year in an alleged child sex trafficking conspiracy and later died in prison.The subpoenas, which are dated Sept. 3, seek documents relating to financial transactions and communications between the Dubins and Epstein, or any related entities and associates from 1998 to the present day. One request asks specifically for information about “three wire transfers between 2014 and 2016.”A separate subpoena seeks records from Highbridge Capital, an investment fund that was led by Dubin until 2013.In January, Denise George, the attorney general of the U.S. Virgin Islands, sued the $655 million Epstein estate and a group of shell companies that control his wealth and real estate holdings around the world. The complaint alleges that Esptein created a network of companies and individuals who participated in and conspired with him in a pattern of criminal activity related to alleged sex trafficking of minor girls and young women.The subpoenas for information from the Dubins represent the latest aggressive move by George in her effort to pull back the curtain of secrecy that surrounded Epstein’s enormous wealth. In July, the territory’s government sought years of records related to Epstein from at least 10 financial institutions, including JPMorgan Chase, Citibank and Deutsche Bank.Epstein purchased the private island “Little St. James” in 1998 and established the Virgin Islands as his permanent residence in 2010. He later acquired ownership of a neighboring island, “Great St. James,” and was in the process of building a new estate there at the time of his arrest, according to court and property records.Epstein’s connection to the Dubins dates back to the early 1980s, when the Brooklyn-born Epstein began dating then 20-year-old Eva Andersson, according to a letter written by Epstein’s defense attorneys and provided to a Florida state prosecutor during plea negotiations in 2008. Andersson is a former Swedish model who went on to become a doctor and, later, Dubin’s wife.According to a biographical sketch of Epstein in the lawyers’ letter, Epstein provided financial support for Andersson to attend medical schools in Sweden and California. They were romantically linked for 11 years and remained close friends even after it became clear that “the demands of Jeffrey’s life could not include staying in one place and having a family,” the lawyers wrote. The letter was obtained by ABC News through a public records request to the office of the state’s attorney in Palm Beach County, Florida.“Today, [Jeffrey] is a very close and important friend to my family,” the letter quotes Andersson-Dubin as saying. “He is the godfather of my three children and is a close friend of my husband as well.”After Epstein served time in Palm Beach County Jail and was registered as a sex offender, Andersson-Dubin maintained contact. In 2009, shortly after Epstein’s release from jail, she wrote an email to Epstein’s probation officer to attest that she was “100% comfortable” with Epstein being around her three children, who were then all under the age of 18, according to a copy of the email in the files of the county sheriff.The Dubins reportedly spent Thanksgiving with Epstein that year, according to stories published in Vanity Fair and Business Insider.A spokesperson for the Dubins, in response to an email with specific questions about those communications and the subjects raised in the subpoenas, sent this statement to ABC News: “The Dubins have previously said that they are horrified by and were completely unaware of Jeffrey Epstein’s unspeakable conduct.”Dubin has also denied allegations that he had any sexual contact with alleged Epstein victim Virginia Roberts Giuffre, who testified in a deposition in 2016 that Dubin was among several prominent men she had sex with at the direction of Epstein and another of his longtime companions, Ghislaine Maxwell. Maxwell also denied those allegations in a deposition, calling Giuffre an “absolute liar.”The subpoenas from the Virgin Islands seek records from the Dubins regarding Giuffre and the Dubins’ travel on private jets with Epstein and Maxwell. According to Epstein’s pilot’s logs that have previously been made public, one or both of the Dubins flew on Epstein’s planes at least 18 times between 1996 and 2005, often accompanied by their children and a nanny. Maxwell is also listed as a passenger on 13 of those flights, according to the logs.Maxwell is currently under indictment in New York for allegedly facilitating and, in some instances, participating in Epstein’s grooming and abuse of three girls between 1994 and 1997. She is also under investigation in the Virgin Islands for her alleged role in Epstein’s operation, according to July court filings by the attorney general. An attorney for Maxwell did not respond to inquiries when ABC News reported on the U.S. Virgin Islands investigation in July.The subpoenas for the Dubins were posted to the Virgin Islands court docket this week. The documents are addressed to a 5th Avenue penthouse that overlooks Central Park and the Museum of Modern Art. The apartment, which is reportedly the former residence of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, was purchased by the Dubins for about $30 million, according to a 2006 report in the New York Observer.Maxwell pleaded not guilty to all charges in New York. She is currently being held without bail in a federal prison in Brooklyn. A trial is scheduled for next summer.Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.
Measurements of radar echo strength have been carried out on Ronne and George VI Ice Shelves, Antarctica. The differences in ice-column absorption between the two sites cannot be resolved by considering ice temperatures alone. We present an absorption model that resolves the discrepancy by considering both the ice temperature and the ice impurity concentrations. In Antarctic coastal sites the concentrations of acid and sea salt impurities, both of which affect absorption, have a marked spatial variability and can dominate the absorption budget. Using the absorption model, impurity levels in the ice column at the George VI site are deduced from the radar strength measurements and found to be typical of levels measured in Antarctic ice at similar elevations and distances from the sea. In particular the measurements suggest that the concentrations of biogenically-derived acids are much lower than the unusually high levels found on the east coast of the Antarctic Peninsula.